The diffusion of a thermal stabilizer, i.e., Irganox 1010, has been studied in three different reactor poly(propylene-co-ethylene) blends, namely HecoQ, ExpSS, and Super Soft. The diffusion experiments were carried out by using Roe's method based on a stack of several polymer films where each of them had 60-70 μm thickness. The concentration profile of the stabilizer in every film has been monitored by the absorbance at 282 nm of the recorded UV spectra. Under our experimental conditions, the diffusion of Irganox 1010 for all polymer materials can be correctly interpreted by using Fick's second law resolved under certain boundary conditions. Best-fitting the experimental data with the equation model also allows calculation of the diffusion coefficient, D, for these polymer materials at 40, 70 and 80 °C. By applying an Arrhenius-type equation to the calculated D coefficients, an estimation of activation energies of the diffusion process has been achieved. An interpretation, in terms of free volume theory, has been applied to explain the observed variation of D which depends mostly on the amount of amorphous phase of the blends.

Effect of the structure of in reactor poly(propylene-co-ethylene) blends on the diffusion coefficient and activation energy of a conventional antioxidant

BERTOLDO M
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
2003

Abstract

The diffusion of a thermal stabilizer, i.e., Irganox 1010, has been studied in three different reactor poly(propylene-co-ethylene) blends, namely HecoQ, ExpSS, and Super Soft. The diffusion experiments were carried out by using Roe's method based on a stack of several polymer films where each of them had 60-70 μm thickness. The concentration profile of the stabilizer in every film has been monitored by the absorbance at 282 nm of the recorded UV spectra. Under our experimental conditions, the diffusion of Irganox 1010 for all polymer materials can be correctly interpreted by using Fick's second law resolved under certain boundary conditions. Best-fitting the experimental data with the equation model also allows calculation of the diffusion coefficient, D, for these polymer materials at 40, 70 and 80 °C. By applying an Arrhenius-type equation to the calculated D coefficients, an estimation of activation energies of the diffusion process has been achieved. An interpretation, in terms of free volume theory, has been applied to explain the observed variation of D which depends mostly on the amount of amorphous phase of the blends.
Bertoldo, M; Francesco, Ciardelli; Giuseppe, Ferrara; Marco, Scoponi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2414371
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