Background: The best surgical choice for patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is still debated. No prospective trials have been carried out to evaluate the pros and cons of the recommended procedures: total colectomy (ileorectal anastomosis [IRA]) vs restorative proctocolectomy (ileal pouch–anal anastomosis [IPAA]). The aim of this study was to provide a basis for tailored precision surgery in patients with FAP. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of patients with FAP who underwent surgery and were registered in a dedicated database in Milan, Italy. Twenty-year survival related to surgical approach and prognostic factors were investigated using a Cox regression model. Results: A total of 925 patients underwent surgery between 1947 and 2015: 340 (36.8%) IPAA and 585 (63.2%) IRA. Colorectal cancer (CRC) at surgery was diagnosed in 28.6% of patients and a pathogenic APC variant was identified in 88%. During a median follow-up of 129 months, 150 patients died. The survival probability was significantly higher in the IRA than the IPAA group: 0.82 vs 0.75 (hazard ratio [HR] 0.6, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.42–0.84). Multivariable regression modeling adjusted for propensity scores showed a similar difference, although no longer significant. Multivariable analysis indicated as independent risk factors CRC (HR 4.68, 95% CI 3.04–7.20) and age at surgery (HR 1.03, 95% CI 1.02–1.06). Among patients without cancer, the main risk factor for shorter survival was older age (HR 1.06, 95% CI 1.04–1.09). Conclusion: The study confirms excellent long-term results of surgical approaches with IRA and IPAA, suggesting that the best surgical choice may be an individually and clinically tailored approach, preferably at a young age.

Long-term survival between total colectomy versus proctocolectomy in patients with FAP: a registry-based, observational cohort study

Malvicini E.;Occhionorelli S.
Penultimo
;
2020

Abstract

Background: The best surgical choice for patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is still debated. No prospective trials have been carried out to evaluate the pros and cons of the recommended procedures: total colectomy (ileorectal anastomosis [IRA]) vs restorative proctocolectomy (ileal pouch–anal anastomosis [IPAA]). The aim of this study was to provide a basis for tailored precision surgery in patients with FAP. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of patients with FAP who underwent surgery and were registered in a dedicated database in Milan, Italy. Twenty-year survival related to surgical approach and prognostic factors were investigated using a Cox regression model. Results: A total of 925 patients underwent surgery between 1947 and 2015: 340 (36.8%) IPAA and 585 (63.2%) IRA. Colorectal cancer (CRC) at surgery was diagnosed in 28.6% of patients and a pathogenic APC variant was identified in 88%. During a median follow-up of 129 months, 150 patients died. The survival probability was significantly higher in the IRA than the IPAA group: 0.82 vs 0.75 (hazard ratio [HR] 0.6, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.42–0.84). Multivariable regression modeling adjusted for propensity scores showed a similar difference, although no longer significant. Multivariable analysis indicated as independent risk factors CRC (HR 4.68, 95% CI 3.04–7.20) and age at surgery (HR 1.03, 95% CI 1.02–1.06). Among patients without cancer, the main risk factor for shorter survival was older age (HR 1.06, 95% CI 1.04–1.09). Conclusion: The study confirms excellent long-term results of surgical approaches with IRA and IPAA, suggesting that the best surgical choice may be an individually and clinically tailored approach, preferably at a young age.
2020
Ardoino, I.; Signoroni, S.; Malvicini, E.; Ricci, M. T.; Biganzoli, E. M.; Bertario, L.; Occhionorelli, S.; Vitellaro, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2413740
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