The present work evaluates for the first time the use of urea-crosslinked hyaluronic acid (HA-CL), a novel derivative of native hyaluronic acid (HA), to produce microspheres (MS) by emulsification-solvent evaporation, for dermal delivery of sodium ascorbyl phosphate (SAP). As the term of comparison, HA MS were prepared. A pre-formulation study—investigation of the effects of polymers solutions properties (pH, viscosity) and working conditions—led to the production of optimized HA-CL MS and HA-CL—SAP MS with: almost unimodal size distributions; mean diameter of 13.0 ± 0.7 and 9.9 ± 0.8 µm, respectively; spherical shape and rough surface; high yield, similar to HA MS and HA–SAP MS (≈ 85%). SAP was more efficiently encapsulated into HA-CL MS (78.8 ± 2.6%) compared to HA MS (69.7 ± 4.6%). Physical state, thermal properties, relative moisture stability of HA-CL MS and HA-CL–SAP MS were comparable to those of HA MS and HA–SAP MS. However, HA-CL–SAP MS exhibited an extended drug release compared to HA–SAP MS, despite the same kinetic mechanism—contemporaneous drug diffusion and polymer swelling/dissolution. Therefore, HA-CL formulation showed a greater potential as microcarrier (for encapsulation efficiency and release kinetic), that could be improved, in future, using suitable excipients.

Formulation and characterization of native and crosslinked hyaluronic acid microspheres for dermal delivery of sodium ascorbyl phosphate: A comparative study

Fallacara A.
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Manfredini S.
Penultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Vertuani S.
Ultimo
Supervision
2018

Abstract

The present work evaluates for the first time the use of urea-crosslinked hyaluronic acid (HA-CL), a novel derivative of native hyaluronic acid (HA), to produce microspheres (MS) by emulsification-solvent evaporation, for dermal delivery of sodium ascorbyl phosphate (SAP). As the term of comparison, HA MS were prepared. A pre-formulation study—investigation of the effects of polymers solutions properties (pH, viscosity) and working conditions—led to the production of optimized HA-CL MS and HA-CL—SAP MS with: almost unimodal size distributions; mean diameter of 13.0 ± 0.7 and 9.9 ± 0.8 µm, respectively; spherical shape and rough surface; high yield, similar to HA MS and HA–SAP MS (≈ 85%). SAP was more efficiently encapsulated into HA-CL MS (78.8 ± 2.6%) compared to HA MS (69.7 ± 4.6%). Physical state, thermal properties, relative moisture stability of HA-CL MS and HA-CL–SAP MS were comparable to those of HA MS and HA–SAP MS. However, HA-CL–SAP MS exhibited an extended drug release compared to HA–SAP MS, despite the same kinetic mechanism—contemporaneous drug diffusion and polymer swelling/dissolution. Therefore, HA-CL formulation showed a greater potential as microcarrier (for encapsulation efficiency and release kinetic), that could be improved, in future, using suitable excipients.
2018
Fallacara, A.; Marchetti, F.; Pozzoli, M.; Citernesi, U. R.; Manfredini, S.; Vertuani, S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2413449
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