The association of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and ischaemic heart disease (IHD) is challenging both in terms of prognosis and of pharmacological treatment. An 83-year-old Caucasian male patient has chronic kidney disease, COPD, previous myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass graft with left internal mammary artery (LIMA) on left anterior descending (LAD), saphenous vein graft (SVG) on obtuse marginal (OM)1 and on right coronary artery, and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on LAD (occlusion of LIMA) and on SVG for OM1 (SVG critical stenosis). Recently, the patient complained worsening angina [Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) III] and had residual ischaemia in the anterior wall after an unsuccessful attempt of PCI was performed on LAD for in-stent occlusion due to restenosis. Bisoprolol uptitration failed due to worsening of pulmonary function at spirometry. For this reason, ivabradine 5mg b.i.d. was added to bisoprolol. Afterwards, the patient referred amelioration of symptoms and he is actually in CCS Class I. The control spirometry showed moderate obstruction comparable to his chronic situation. Patients with IHD and COPD often do not receive -blockers due to the fear of adverse effects. However, cardioselective -blockers do not worsen pulmonary function while they reduce mortality in COPD patients. In this setting, ivabradine could be extremely helpful in order to control symptoms since it is effective in patients with asthma and COPD, with no alteration in respiratory function or symptoms and improves exercise capacity and functional class in COPD patients.

Angina and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: facing the perfect storm

Biscaglia, Simone
Primo
;
Ruggiero, Rossella
Secondo
;
Di Cesare, Annamaria;Serenelli, Matteo
Penultimo
;
Ferrari, Roberto
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

The association of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and ischaemic heart disease (IHD) is challenging both in terms of prognosis and of pharmacological treatment. An 83-year-old Caucasian male patient has chronic kidney disease, COPD, previous myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass graft with left internal mammary artery (LIMA) on left anterior descending (LAD), saphenous vein graft (SVG) on obtuse marginal (OM)1 and on right coronary artery, and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on LAD (occlusion of LIMA) and on SVG for OM1 (SVG critical stenosis). Recently, the patient complained worsening angina [Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) III] and had residual ischaemia in the anterior wall after an unsuccessful attempt of PCI was performed on LAD for in-stent occlusion due to restenosis. Bisoprolol uptitration failed due to worsening of pulmonary function at spirometry. For this reason, ivabradine 5mg b.i.d. was added to bisoprolol. Afterwards, the patient referred amelioration of symptoms and he is actually in CCS Class I. The control spirometry showed moderate obstruction comparable to his chronic situation. Patients with IHD and COPD often do not receive -blockers due to the fear of adverse effects. However, cardioselective -blockers do not worsen pulmonary function while they reduce mortality in COPD patients. In this setting, ivabradine could be extremely helpful in order to control symptoms since it is effective in patients with asthma and COPD, with no alteration in respiratory function or symptoms and improves exercise capacity and functional class in COPD patients.
Biscaglia, Simone; Ruggiero, Rossella; Di Cesare, Annamaria; Serenelli, Matteo; Ferrari, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2411227
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