Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is an essential second intracellular messenger. To reach its targets in the cytosol, H2O2 must cross a membrane, a feat that requires aquaporins (AQP) endowed with ‘peroxiporin’ activity (AQP3, AQP8, AQP9). Here, we exploit different organelle-targeted H2O2-sensitive probes to show that also AQP11 efficiently conduits H2O2. Unlike other peroxiporins, AQP11 is localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), accumulating partly in mitochondrial-associated ER membranes (MAM). Its downregulation severely perturbs the flux of H2O2 through the ER, but not through the mitochondrial or plasma membranes. These properties make AQP11 a potential regulator of ER redox homeostasis and signaling.

Human aquaporin-11 guarantees efficient transport of H2O2 across the endoplasmic reticulum membrane

Pinton P.;Rimessi A.;
2020

Abstract

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is an essential second intracellular messenger. To reach its targets in the cytosol, H2O2 must cross a membrane, a feat that requires aquaporins (AQP) endowed with ‘peroxiporin’ activity (AQP3, AQP8, AQP9). Here, we exploit different organelle-targeted H2O2-sensitive probes to show that also AQP11 efficiently conduits H2O2. Unlike other peroxiporins, AQP11 is localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), accumulating partly in mitochondrial-associated ER membranes (MAM). Its downregulation severely perturbs the flux of H2O2 through the ER, but not through the mitochondrial or plasma membranes. These properties make AQP11 a potential regulator of ER redox homeostasis and signaling.
2020
Bestetti, S.; Galli, M.; Sorrentino, I.; Pinton, P.; Rimessi, A.; Sitia, R.; Medrano-Fernandez, I.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2410901
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