Purpose: Hitherto, no study has yielded important information on whether the scales of frailty may improve the ability to discriminate the risk of haemorrhages in older adults admitted to hospital for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The aim of this study is to investigate whether frailty scales would predict the 1-year occurrence of haemorrhagic events and if they confer a significant incremental prognostic value over the bleeding risk scores. Methods: The present study involved 346 ACS patients aged ≥ 70 years enrolled in the FRASER study. Seven different scales of frailty and PARIS, PRECISE-DAPT and BleeMACS bleeding risk scores were available for each patient. The outcomes were the 1-year BARC 3-5 and 2 bleeding events. Results: Adherence to antiplatelet treatment at 1, 6 and 12 months was 98%, 87% and 78%, respectively. At 1-year, 14 (4%) and 30 (9%) patients presented BARC 3-5 and 2 bleedings, respectively. Bleeding risk scores and four scales of frailty (namely Short Physical Performance Battery, Columbia, Edmonton and Clinical Frailty Scale) significantly discriminated the occurrence of BARC 3-5 events. The addition of the scales of frailty to bleeding risk scores did not lead to a significant improvement in the ability to predict BARC 3-5 bleedings. Neither the bleeding risk scores nor the scales of frailty predicted BARC 2 bleedings. Conclusions: Both the bleeding risk scores and the scales of frailty predicted BARC 3-5 haemorrhages. However, integrating the scales of frailty with the bleeding risk scores did not improve their discriminative ability. Clinical trial registration: www.clinicaltrials.gov: NCT02386124

Bleeding Risk Scores and Scales of Frailty for the Prediction of Haemorrhagic Events in Older Adults with Acute Coronary Syndrome: Insights from the FRASER study

Pavasini R.
Primo
;
Maietti E.;Tonet E.;Bugani G.;Tebaldi M.;Biscaglia S.;Cimaglia P.;Serenelli M.;Ruggiero R.;Vitali F.;Bernucci D.;Volpato S.
Penultimo
;
Campo G.
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

Purpose: Hitherto, no study has yielded important information on whether the scales of frailty may improve the ability to discriminate the risk of haemorrhages in older adults admitted to hospital for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The aim of this study is to investigate whether frailty scales would predict the 1-year occurrence of haemorrhagic events and if they confer a significant incremental prognostic value over the bleeding risk scores. Methods: The present study involved 346 ACS patients aged ≥ 70 years enrolled in the FRASER study. Seven different scales of frailty and PARIS, PRECISE-DAPT and BleeMACS bleeding risk scores were available for each patient. The outcomes were the 1-year BARC 3-5 and 2 bleeding events. Results: Adherence to antiplatelet treatment at 1, 6 and 12 months was 98%, 87% and 78%, respectively. At 1-year, 14 (4%) and 30 (9%) patients presented BARC 3-5 and 2 bleedings, respectively. Bleeding risk scores and four scales of frailty (namely Short Physical Performance Battery, Columbia, Edmonton and Clinical Frailty Scale) significantly discriminated the occurrence of BARC 3-5 events. The addition of the scales of frailty to bleeding risk scores did not lead to a significant improvement in the ability to predict BARC 3-5 bleedings. Neither the bleeding risk scores nor the scales of frailty predicted BARC 2 bleedings. Conclusions: Both the bleeding risk scores and the scales of frailty predicted BARC 3-5 haemorrhages. However, integrating the scales of frailty with the bleeding risk scores did not improve their discriminative ability. Clinical trial registration: www.clinicaltrials.gov: NCT02386124
Pavasini, R.; Maietti, E.; Tonet, E.; Bugani, G.; Tebaldi, M.; Biscaglia, S.; Cimaglia, P.; Serenelli, M.; Ruggiero, R.; Vitali, F.; Galvani, M.; Minarelli, M.; Rubboli, A.; Bernucci, D.; Volpato, S.; Campo, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2410711
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