Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between acute kidney injury (AKI) and in-hospital mortality (IHM) in a large nationwide cohort of elderly subjects in Italy. Methods: We analyzed the hospitalization data of all patients aged >= 65 years, who were discharged with a diagnosis of AKI, which was identified by the presence of the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM), and extracted from the Italian Health Ministry database (January 2000 to December 2015). Data regarding age, gender, dialysis treatment, and comorbidity, including the development of sepsis, were also collected. Results: We evaluated 760,664 hospitalizations, the mean age was 80.5 +/- 7.8 years, males represented 52.2% of the population, and 9% underwent dialysis treatment. IHM was 27.7% (210,661 admissions): Deceased patients were more likely to be older, undergoing dialysis treatment, and to be sicker than the survivors. The population was classified on the basis of tertiles of comorbidity score (the first group 7.48 +/- 1.99, the second 13.67 +/- 2,04, and third 22.12 +/- 4.13). IHM was higher in the third tertile, whilst dialysis-dependent AKI was highest in the first. Dialysis-dependent AKI was associated with an odds ratios (OR) of 2.721; 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.676-2.766; p < 0.001, development of sepsis was associated with an OR of 1.990; 95% CI 1.948-2.033; p < 0.001, the second tertile of comorbidity was associated with an OR of 1.750; 95% CI 1.726-1.774; p < 0.001, and the third tertile of comorbidity was associated with an OR of 2.522; 95% CI 2.486-2.559; p < 0.001. Conclusions: In elderly subjects with AKI discharge codes, IHM is a frequent complication affecting more than a quarter of the investigated population. The increasing burden of comorbidity, dialysis-dependent AKI, and sepsis are the major risk factors.

Acute Kidney Injury and In-Hospital Mortality: A Retrospective Analysis of a Nationwide Administrative Database of Elderly Subjects in Italy

Fabbian F
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
De Giorgi A;Cappadona R
Investigation
;
Di Simone E;Boari B;Storari A;Gallerani M;Manfredini R.
Ultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
2019

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between acute kidney injury (AKI) and in-hospital mortality (IHM) in a large nationwide cohort of elderly subjects in Italy. Methods: We analyzed the hospitalization data of all patients aged >= 65 years, who were discharged with a diagnosis of AKI, which was identified by the presence of the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM), and extracted from the Italian Health Ministry database (January 2000 to December 2015). Data regarding age, gender, dialysis treatment, and comorbidity, including the development of sepsis, were also collected. Results: We evaluated 760,664 hospitalizations, the mean age was 80.5 +/- 7.8 years, males represented 52.2% of the population, and 9% underwent dialysis treatment. IHM was 27.7% (210,661 admissions): Deceased patients were more likely to be older, undergoing dialysis treatment, and to be sicker than the survivors. The population was classified on the basis of tertiles of comorbidity score (the first group 7.48 +/- 1.99, the second 13.67 +/- 2,04, and third 22.12 +/- 4.13). IHM was higher in the third tertile, whilst dialysis-dependent AKI was highest in the first. Dialysis-dependent AKI was associated with an odds ratios (OR) of 2.721; 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.676-2.766; p < 0.001, development of sepsis was associated with an OR of 1.990; 95% CI 1.948-2.033; p < 0.001, the second tertile of comorbidity was associated with an OR of 1.750; 95% CI 1.726-1.774; p < 0.001, and the third tertile of comorbidity was associated with an OR of 2.522; 95% CI 2.486-2.559; p < 0.001. Conclusions: In elderly subjects with AKI discharge codes, IHM is a frequent complication affecting more than a quarter of the investigated population. The increasing burden of comorbidity, dialysis-dependent AKI, and sepsis are the major risk factors.
Fabbian, F; Savriè, C; De Giorgi, A; Cappadona, R; Di Simone, E; Boari, B; Storari, A; Gallerani, M; Manfredini, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2409195
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