The research studied the effects of organic vs. conventional management of soil quality and tomato yield quality, cultivated in a geogenic arsenic contaminated soil. The chemical and biochemical properties were analyzed to evaluate soil quality, arsenic mobility and its phyto-availability, as well as arsenic accumulation in the tomato plant tissues and if tomatoes cultivated in arsenic rich soil represents a risk for human health. A general improvement of tomato growth and soil quality was observed in the organic management, where soil organic carbon increased from 1.24 to 1.48% and total nitrogen content. The arsenic content of the soil in the organic management increased from 57.0 to 65.3 mg kg(-1), probably due to a greater content of organic matter which permitted the soil to retain the arsenic naturally present in irrigation water. An increase of bioavailable arsenic was observed in the conventional management compared to the organic one (7.05 vs 6.18 mg kg(-1)). The bioavailable form of metalloid may affect soil microbial community structure assessed using El-FAME analysis. The increase of the total arsenic concentration in the organic management did not represent a stress factor for soil microbial biomass carbon (Cmic), which was higher in the organic management than in the conventional one (267 vs. 132 mu g Cmic g(-1)). Even if the organic management caused an increase of total arsenic concentration in the soil due to the enhanced organic matter content, retaining arsenic from irrigation water, this management mitigates the arsenic uptake by tomato plants reducing the mobility of the metalloid. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Influence of organic management on As bioavailability: Soil quality and tomato As uptake

Stazi S
Co-primo
;
Allevato E.;Radicetti E.;
2018

Abstract

The research studied the effects of organic vs. conventional management of soil quality and tomato yield quality, cultivated in a geogenic arsenic contaminated soil. The chemical and biochemical properties were analyzed to evaluate soil quality, arsenic mobility and its phyto-availability, as well as arsenic accumulation in the tomato plant tissues and if tomatoes cultivated in arsenic rich soil represents a risk for human health. A general improvement of tomato growth and soil quality was observed in the organic management, where soil organic carbon increased from 1.24 to 1.48% and total nitrogen content. The arsenic content of the soil in the organic management increased from 57.0 to 65.3 mg kg(-1), probably due to a greater content of organic matter which permitted the soil to retain the arsenic naturally present in irrigation water. An increase of bioavailable arsenic was observed in the conventional management compared to the organic one (7.05 vs 6.18 mg kg(-1)). The bioavailable form of metalloid may affect soil microbial community structure assessed using El-FAME analysis. The increase of the total arsenic concentration in the organic management did not represent a stress factor for soil microbial biomass carbon (Cmic), which was higher in the organic management than in the conventional one (267 vs. 132 mu g Cmic g(-1)). Even if the organic management caused an increase of total arsenic concentration in the soil due to the enhanced organic matter content, retaining arsenic from irrigation water, this management mitigates the arsenic uptake by tomato plants reducing the mobility of the metalloid. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
2018
Stazi, S; Mancinelli, R.; Marabottini, R.; Allevato, E.; Radicetti, E.; Campiglia, E.; Marinari, S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2408222
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