Background: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a common cardiovascular pathology that affects mobility. In previous research, supervised exercise, a recommended treatment for claudication, was less effective in women. This study retrospectively investigated whether functional outcomes exhibit sex differences following a pain-free, home-based exercise program for PAD patients. Materials and Methods: Patients with PAD and claudication enrolled to a structured home-based program from 2003 to 2016 were studied. The program was prescribed at the hospital and based on two daily 10-minute pain-free walking sessions at progressively increasing speed. Outcome measures, which were assessed at baseline and discharge, were pain threshold speed (PTS) and maximal (Smax) during a treadmill test and pain-free walking distance (PFWD) and total distance walked in 6 minutes (6MWD). The ankle-brachial index (ABI), program duration, and patient adherence were determined. Results: A total of 1007 patients (women; n = 264; 26%) were enrolled. At baseline, compared to men, women exhibited similar ABI values but lower PTS and PFWD values (p < 0.001). At discharge, with similar adherence (score 3/4 ± 1 each) in both groups, superimposable improvements were observed for PTS (0.8 ± 0.8 km/h each), Smax (0.4 ± 0.5 km/h each), PFWD (women 95 ± 100; men 86 ± 104), 6MWD (women 32 ± 65; men 35 ± 58), and ABI (women 0.07 ± 0.12; men 0.06 ± 0.11) without between-group differences (confirmed after propensity analysis). Conclusion: A personalized, structured pain-free exercise program for PAD patients performed inside the home for a few minutes a day was equally effective in both sexes. Programs favoring adherence and functional outcomes in women should be tested in prospective studies.

Gender Differences in Outcomes Following a Pain-Free, Home-Based Exercise Program for Claudication

Manfredini R
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Lamberti N
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Manfredini F
Supervision
;
STRAUDI, Sofia
Methodology
;
Fabbian F
Data Curation
;
Basaglia N
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2019

Abstract

Background: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a common cardiovascular pathology that affects mobility. In previous research, supervised exercise, a recommended treatment for claudication, was less effective in women. This study retrospectively investigated whether functional outcomes exhibit sex differences following a pain-free, home-based exercise program for PAD patients. Materials and Methods: Patients with PAD and claudication enrolled to a structured home-based program from 2003 to 2016 were studied. The program was prescribed at the hospital and based on two daily 10-minute pain-free walking sessions at progressively increasing speed. Outcome measures, which were assessed at baseline and discharge, were pain threshold speed (PTS) and maximal (Smax) during a treadmill test and pain-free walking distance (PFWD) and total distance walked in 6 minutes (6MWD). The ankle-brachial index (ABI), program duration, and patient adherence were determined. Results: A total of 1007 patients (women; n = 264; 26%) were enrolled. At baseline, compared to men, women exhibited similar ABI values but lower PTS and PFWD values (p < 0.001). At discharge, with similar adherence (score 3/4 ± 1 each) in both groups, superimposable improvements were observed for PTS (0.8 ± 0.8 km/h each), Smax (0.4 ± 0.5 km/h each), PFWD (women 95 ± 100; men 86 ± 104), 6MWD (women 32 ± 65; men 35 ± 58), and ABI (women 0.07 ± 0.12; men 0.06 ± 0.11) without between-group differences (confirmed after propensity analysis). Conclusion: A personalized, structured pain-free exercise program for PAD patients performed inside the home for a few minutes a day was equally effective in both sexes. Programs favoring adherence and functional outcomes in women should be tested in prospective studies.
2019
Manfredini, R; Lamberti, N; Manfredini, F; Straudi, Sofia; Fabbian, F; Rodriguez Borrego, Ma; Basaglia, N; Carmona Torres, Jm; Lopez Soto, Pj.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
editoriale-jwh.2018.7113.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: editoriale-JWH Manfredini 2019
Tipologia: Full text (versione editoriale)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 223.68 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
223.68 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in SFERA sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2407936
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 12
  • Scopus 22
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 18
social impact