Background: Functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (FHA) is a form of chronic anovulation not due to identifiable organic causes and with adverse health consequences. The identification of women with this disorder or the precocious identification of women at risk is based on the knowledge of lifestyle risk factors or behaviors such as stress, weight loss, and excessive physical exercise that are known to negatively impact gonadal axis activity. Methods: In this overview, we described the most common forms of FHA, in particular stress-induced amenorrhea and overtraining-induced amenorrhea. In addition, although its mechanisms can differ from those involved in FHA, we reviewed the available literature on drug-induced amenorrhea, highlighting the clear connection between this condition and psychoactive drugs such as antipsychotics, antidepressants and anti-epilectics thus raising concern about the role that the abuse of substances such as opioids or alcohol can possibly have on the growing unexplained infertility of the female population.

Functional hypothalamic and drug-induced amenorrhea: an overview

Gagliardi, I;Bondanelli, M;Ambrosio, M R
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

Background: Functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (FHA) is a form of chronic anovulation not due to identifiable organic causes and with adverse health consequences. The identification of women with this disorder or the precocious identification of women at risk is based on the knowledge of lifestyle risk factors or behaviors such as stress, weight loss, and excessive physical exercise that are known to negatively impact gonadal axis activity. Methods: In this overview, we described the most common forms of FHA, in particular stress-induced amenorrhea and overtraining-induced amenorrhea. In addition, although its mechanisms can differ from those involved in FHA, we reviewed the available literature on drug-induced amenorrhea, highlighting the clear connection between this condition and psychoactive drugs such as antipsychotics, antidepressants and anti-epilectics thus raising concern about the role that the abuse of substances such as opioids or alcohol can possibly have on the growing unexplained infertility of the female population.
Lania, A; Gianotti, L; Gagliardi, I; Bondanelli, M; Vena, W; Ambrosio, M R
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2406053
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