The pivotal role of the stereocenter at the N-substituent of the 6,7-benzomorphan scaffold was investigated combining synthetic and pharmacological approaches. 2R- and 2S-diastereoisomers of the multitarget MOR/DOR antinociceptive ligand LP2 (1) were synthesized and their pharmacological profile was evaluated in in vitro and vivo assays. From our results, 2S-LP2 (5) showed an improved pharmacological profile in comparison to LP2 (1) and 2R-LP2 (4). 2S-LP2 (5) elicited an antinociceptive effect with a 1.5- and 3-times higher potency than LP2 (1) and R-antipode (4), respectively. In vivo effect of 2S-LP2 (5) was consistent with the improved MOR/DOR efficacy profile assessed by radioligand binding assay, to evaluate the opioid receptor affinity, and BRET assay, to evaluate the capability to promote receptor/G-protein and receptor/β-arrestin 2 interaction. 2S-LP2 (5) was able to activate, with different efficacy, G-protein pathway over β-arrestin 2, behaving as biased agonist at MOR and mainly at DOR. Considering the therapeutic potential of both multitarget MOR/DOR agonism and functional selectivity over G-protein, the 2S-LP2 (5) biased multitarget MOR/DOR agonist could provide a safer treatment opportunity.

(2S)-N-2-methoxy-2-phenylethyl-6,7-benzomorphan compound (2S-LP2): Discovery of a biased mu/delta opioid receptor agonist

Calò, Girolamo;Ferrari, Federica;
2019

Abstract

The pivotal role of the stereocenter at the N-substituent of the 6,7-benzomorphan scaffold was investigated combining synthetic and pharmacological approaches. 2R- and 2S-diastereoisomers of the multitarget MOR/DOR antinociceptive ligand LP2 (1) were synthesized and their pharmacological profile was evaluated in in vitro and vivo assays. From our results, 2S-LP2 (5) showed an improved pharmacological profile in comparison to LP2 (1) and 2R-LP2 (4). 2S-LP2 (5) elicited an antinociceptive effect with a 1.5- and 3-times higher potency than LP2 (1) and R-antipode (4), respectively. In vivo effect of 2S-LP2 (5) was consistent with the improved MOR/DOR efficacy profile assessed by radioligand binding assay, to evaluate the opioid receptor affinity, and BRET assay, to evaluate the capability to promote receptor/G-protein and receptor/β-arrestin 2 interaction. 2S-LP2 (5) was able to activate, with different efficacy, G-protein pathway over β-arrestin 2, behaving as biased agonist at MOR and mainly at DOR. Considering the therapeutic potential of both multitarget MOR/DOR agonism and functional selectivity over G-protein, the 2S-LP2 (5) biased multitarget MOR/DOR agonist could provide a safer treatment opportunity.
Pasquinucci, Lorella; Turnaturi, Rita; Calò, Girolamo; Pappalardo, Francesco; Ferrari, Federica; Russo, Giulia; Arena, Emanuela; Montenegro, Lucia; Chiechio, Santina; Prezzavento, Orazio; Parenti, Carmela
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2403961
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