Nowadays, the operative range limit of compressors is still a key aspect of the research into turbomachinery. In particular, the study of the mass flow rate lower limit represents a significant factor in order to predict and avoid the inception of critical working conditions and instabilities such as stall and surge. The identification of these instabilities and typical precursors of these two phenomena can imply many advantages, in both stationary and aeronautic applications, such as avoiding the loss of production (in industry) and efficiency of systems and reducing the maintenance and repairing cost. Many approaches can be adopted to achieve this target, but one of the most fascinating is the vibro-acoustic analysis of the compressor response during operation. At the Engineering Department of the University of Ferrara, a test bench, dedicated to the study of the performance of an aeronautic turboshaft engine multistage compressor, has been equipped with a high frequency data acquisition system. A set of triaxle accelerometers and microphones, suitable for capturing broad-band vibration and acoustic phenomena, were installed in strategic positions along the compressor and the test rig. A great amount of vibro-acoustic data were first processed through an innovative data analysis technique, and then correlated to the thermodynamic data recorded. Subsequently, the precursor signals of surge were detected and identified demonstrating the reliability of the methodology used for studying compressor instabilities. The experimental data and results offer a valid alternative way of analyzing and detecting unstable compressor behavior characteristics by means of nonintrusive measurements.

Experimental Investigation of Vibrational and Acoustic Phenomena for Detecting the Stall and Surge of a Multistage Compressor

MUNARI, Enrico
Primo
;
D'Elia G.;Mucchi E.;Pinelli M.;Spina P. R.
Ultimo
2018

Abstract

Nowadays, the operative range limit of compressors is still a key aspect of the research into turbomachinery. In particular, the study of the mass flow rate lower limit represents a significant factor in order to predict and avoid the inception of critical working conditions and instabilities such as stall and surge. The identification of these instabilities and typical precursors of these two phenomena can imply many advantages, in both stationary and aeronautic applications, such as avoiding the loss of production (in industry) and efficiency of systems and reducing the maintenance and repairing cost. Many approaches can be adopted to achieve this target, but one of the most fascinating is the vibro-acoustic analysis of the compressor response during operation. At the Engineering Department of the University of Ferrara, a test bench, dedicated to the study of the performance of an aeronautic turboshaft engine multistage compressor, has been equipped with a high frequency data acquisition system. A set of triaxle accelerometers and microphones, suitable for capturing broad-band vibration and acoustic phenomena, were installed in strategic positions along the compressor and the test rig. A great amount of vibro-acoustic data were first processed through an innovative data analysis technique, and then correlated to the thermodynamic data recorded. Subsequently, the precursor signals of surge were detected and identified demonstrating the reliability of the methodology used for studying compressor instabilities. The experimental data and results offer a valid alternative way of analyzing and detecting unstable compressor behavior characteristics by means of nonintrusive measurements.
2018
Munari, Enrico; D'Elia, G.; Morini, M.; Mucchi, E.; Pinelli, M.; Spina, P. R.
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