Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between umbilical arterial pH and fetal vertebral artery Doppler velocimetry waveforms measured at the beginning of the second stage of labor in physiological term pregnancies. Methods: This was a prospective cohort study of 250 pregnancies. The resistance index, pulsatility index, and peak systolic velocity were measured. The relationship between the fetal Doppler and the umbilical arterial pH was evaluated. A simple linear regression and a general linear model were used to explore possible correlations of Doppler parameters with fetal and neonatal outcome adjusted for confundents. Results: Umbilical arterial pH values were directly associated with vertebral artery pulsatility index. Fetuses with lower pulsatility index values were at increased risk of a subsequent diagnosis of pathological fetal heart rate tracing patterns (presence of decelerations or reduced variability according to FIGO criteria during the second stage of labor). We estimated a decrease in pulsatility index of 10% in those fetuses destined to show a pathological fetal heart rate tracing. Conclusion: Vertebral artery Doppler waveforms correlates with umbilical pH in normal pregnancies and is also a function of fetal heart rate patterns. If this proportional association would be demonstrated also for abnormal pH values, vertebral artery pulsatility index might be useful to evaluate fetal wellbeing in those cases of suspected hypoxia/academia.

Correlation between umbilical arterial pH values and fetal vertebral artery Doppler waveforms at the beginning of the second stage of labor: a pilot prospective study

Morano, Danila
Primo
;
Scutiero, Gennaro
Secondo
;
Iannone, Piergiorgio;Nencini, Giulia;Greco, Pantaleo
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between umbilical arterial pH and fetal vertebral artery Doppler velocimetry waveforms measured at the beginning of the second stage of labor in physiological term pregnancies. Methods: This was a prospective cohort study of 250 pregnancies. The resistance index, pulsatility index, and peak systolic velocity were measured. The relationship between the fetal Doppler and the umbilical arterial pH was evaluated. A simple linear regression and a general linear model were used to explore possible correlations of Doppler parameters with fetal and neonatal outcome adjusted for confundents. Results: Umbilical arterial pH values were directly associated with vertebral artery pulsatility index. Fetuses with lower pulsatility index values were at increased risk of a subsequent diagnosis of pathological fetal heart rate tracing patterns (presence of decelerations or reduced variability according to FIGO criteria during the second stage of labor). We estimated a decrease in pulsatility index of 10% in those fetuses destined to show a pathological fetal heart rate tracing. Conclusion: Vertebral artery Doppler waveforms correlates with umbilical pH in normal pregnancies and is also a function of fetal heart rate patterns. If this proportional association would be demonstrated also for abnormal pH values, vertebral artery pulsatility index might be useful to evaluate fetal wellbeing in those cases of suspected hypoxia/academia.
Morano, Danila; Scutiero, Gennaro; Iannone, Piergiorgio; Nencini, Giulia; Mantovani, Elena; Farina, Antonio; Greco, Pantaleo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2387755
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