The decline in basic and instrumental activities of daily living (BADLs and IADLs, respectively) is a well-established clinical hallmark of dementia. Growing evidence has shown that systemic subclinical inflammation may be related to functional impairment. We evaluated the possible association between low-grade systemic inflammation and functional disability in older individuals affected by dementia. We explored the association between high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels and BADLs/IADLs in older individuals affected by late onset Alzheimer’s disease (LOAD; n 110), “mixed” dementia (n 135), or mild cognitive impairment (MCI; n 258), and compared them with 75 normal Controls. Independent of age, gender, comorbidity, and other potential confounders, higher hs-CRP was significantly associated with poorer BADLs (loss ≥ 1 function) in people with LOAD (odds ratio [OR] 3.14, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.33–7.33) and mixed dementia (OR 2.48, 95%CI 1.12–5.55), but not in those with MCI (OR 1.38, 95%CI 0.83–2.45) or Controls (OR 2.98, 95%CI 0.54–10.10). No association emerged between hs-CRP and IADLs in any of the sub-group. Our data suggest that systemic low-grade inflammation may contribute to functional disability in older patients with dementia.

Low-grade systemic inflammation is associated with functional disability in elderly people affected by dementia

Cervellati, Carlo
Primo
;
Trentini, Alessandro
;
Bosi, Cristina;Valacchi, Giuseppe;Morieri, Mario Luca;Zurlo, Amedeo;Brombo, Gloria;Passaro, Angelina;Zuliani, Giovanni
Ultimo
2018

Abstract

The decline in basic and instrumental activities of daily living (BADLs and IADLs, respectively) is a well-established clinical hallmark of dementia. Growing evidence has shown that systemic subclinical inflammation may be related to functional impairment. We evaluated the possible association between low-grade systemic inflammation and functional disability in older individuals affected by dementia. We explored the association between high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels and BADLs/IADLs in older individuals affected by late onset Alzheimer’s disease (LOAD; n 110), “mixed” dementia (n 135), or mild cognitive impairment (MCI; n 258), and compared them with 75 normal Controls. Independent of age, gender, comorbidity, and other potential confounders, higher hs-CRP was significantly associated with poorer BADLs (loss ≥ 1 function) in people with LOAD (odds ratio [OR] 3.14, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.33–7.33) and mixed dementia (OR 2.48, 95%CI 1.12–5.55), but not in those with MCI (OR 1.38, 95%CI 0.83–2.45) or Controls (OR 2.98, 95%CI 0.54–10.10). No association emerged between hs-CRP and IADLs in any of the sub-group. Our data suggest that systemic low-grade inflammation may contribute to functional disability in older patients with dementia.
Cervellati, Carlo; Trentini, Alessandro; Bosi, Cristina; Valacchi, Giuseppe; Morieri, Mario Luca; Zurlo, Amedeo; Brombo, Gloria; Passaro, Angelina; Zuliani, Giovanni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2384681
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