OBJECTIVE: To report the incidence and the major risk factors (RFs) associated with preterm birth (PTB), combining both maternal RFs and cervical length (CL), and to understand if cervical length measurement is really useful in all the patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 2048 women admitted to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital of Messina, over a 2-year period. Preterm cases represented approximately 8.64% of our total population and, exactly, 65% were late preterm, 32% were preterm, and 3% were extremely preterm. RESULTS: An analysis of PTB sub-categories based on gestational age showed a stronger correlation between gestational age and CL among preterm and extremely preterm, while no correlation was found among late preterm. Between preterm cases and controls, there was a significant difference in pre-pregnancy weight and Body Mass Index (BMI). Moreover, a significant association between PTB and uterine anomalies, poli-oligodramnios and hypertension was found. CONCLUSIONS: We strongly suggest adding a transvaginal ultrasound CL universal screening to all pregnant women at the time of the second trimester ultrasound. We encourage further studies to identify new RFs of PTB and to define the mechanisms by which risk factors are related to PTB.
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|Titolo:||Preterm birth: Incidence, risk factors and second trimester cervical length in a single center population. A two-year retrospective study|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|