We assessed the association between weekday (WD) or weekend (WE) admission and mortality for patients hospitalized with acute pulmonary embolism (PE). Weekend included holidays. We analyzed hospital administrative data of all patients discharged with a diagnosis of PE extracted from the Italian Health Ministry database (January 2001 to December 2014). A total of 265 035 hospitalizations with a diagnosis of PE were retrieved, in which PE was the primary diagnosis in 198 565 (74.9%); 200 166 (75.5%) patients were admitted on WD and 64 869 (24.5%) on WE. Admissions for PE were more frequent on Mondays (41 917 admissions, 15.8% of all events) and less frequent on Saturdays (32 295 admissions, 12.2%) and Sundays (32 574 admissions, 12.3%). Patients admitted on WE were on average 1 year older, presented more frequently with respiratory failure, and had more common comorbidities. After adjustment for age, gender, comorbidities, and presence of respiratory failure, in-hospital mortality for patients admitted on WE was greater (odds ratio: 1.15, 95% confidence interval: 1.13-1.18; P < .001). This study supports that, in Italy, hospitalization for PE on WE is associated with a significantly higher mortality rate than on WD.
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|Titolo:||Weekend Versus Weekday Admission and In-Hospital Mortality for Pulmonary Embolism: A 14-Year Retrospective Study on the National Hospital Database of Italy.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|