The flow characteristics of polypropylene filled with high percentages of wood flour (50 and 70 wt%) are investigated at a feasible processing temperature (195 °C). Rotational rheometry in oscillatory mode in conjunction with the Cox–Merz rule is ineffective at this temperature due to insufficient linear viscoelastic region (LVR) size and ease of fibres degradation. An in-line rheometer, directly attached to a single screw extruder, is used to avoid these problems: this method allows measurements in real processing conditions with no LVR issues and with reduced degradation risks. The 70 wt% displays plug flow, thus it has been impossible to obtain the flow curve but only the slip velocity as a function of shear stress. The 50 wt% could be corrected for slip using the Mooney procedure. Comparing the flow curve of this material with the ones of the 30 wt% and the unfilled polypropylene matrix, a single master-curve can be obtained and modelled with a Carreau–Yasuda equation.

In-Process Measurements of Flow Characteristics of Wood Plastic Composites

Mazzanti, Valentina
Primo
;
Mollica, Francesco
Ultimo
2017

Abstract

The flow characteristics of polypropylene filled with high percentages of wood flour (50 and 70 wt%) are investigated at a feasible processing temperature (195 °C). Rotational rheometry in oscillatory mode in conjunction with the Cox–Merz rule is ineffective at this temperature due to insufficient linear viscoelastic region (LVR) size and ease of fibres degradation. An in-line rheometer, directly attached to a single screw extruder, is used to avoid these problems: this method allows measurements in real processing conditions with no LVR issues and with reduced degradation risks. The 70 wt% displays plug flow, thus it has been impossible to obtain the flow curve but only the slip velocity as a function of shear stress. The 50 wt% could be corrected for slip using the Mooney procedure. Comparing the flow curve of this material with the ones of the 30 wt% and the unfilled polypropylene matrix, a single master-curve can be obtained and modelled with a Carreau–Yasuda equation.
Mazzanti, Valentina; Mollica, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2381821
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