This paper describes a project-based cone penetration test (CPT) calibration on a carbonate sand fill that was hydraulically placed and subsequently densified by vibrocompaction. The project involved the development of an artificial island constructed offshore from the United Arab Emirates for oil and gas production. Carbonate sands have crushable grains and can be significantly more compressible than silica sands, so it was determined that the semi-empirical CPT-based correlations for silica sands were not applicable and a soil-specific calibration was needed for post-densification characterisation of density, shear strength and compressibility. The CPTcalibration investigation was primarily undertaken in a centrifuge, and then checked with supplementary tests in a large calibration chamber. In this paper, analysis of the calibration data follows three different threads for comparison with more typical siliceous sands: (a) relationships between CPT tip resistance, void ratio and vertical effective stress; (b) a relationship between CPT tip resistance and state parameter; and (c) an approach based on cavity expansion theory, which provides predictive capability for the CPT once soil properties have been measured in the laboratory. The test results are compared with silica sands, in terms of void ratio or the state parameter ψ.
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|Titolo:||CPT Calibration and Analysis for a Carbonate Sand|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|