A conformational study of some 4’-substituited 2-(phenylselanyl)-2-(methoxy)-acetophenones (OMe 1, H 2, and Cl 3) was performed using IR carbonyl stretching band analysis supported by NBO and PCM calculations at the B3LYP/6-31+G (d,p) level for 1-3 and using X-ray diffraction for 1 and 2. The computational results indicated the existence of three stable conformers for the series (c2, c3, and c1 in order of decreasing stability), whose relative abundance changes with solvent permittivity. The experimental trend observed for the components of the triplet carbonyl band in all solvents matches well with computational results and thus allows for their assignment to distinct conformers. The relative population of the c1 conformer increases in more polar solvents, becoming the most stable conformer in the highest permittivity solvent, acetonitrile, as indicated by IR spectra and PCM calculations. These findings are related to the quasi parallel geometry assumed by the Cδ+=Oδ- and Cδ+-Oδ- dipoles, which favour stronger solvation. NBO analysis shows that the sum of the energies (ΣE) of the relevant orbital interactions stabilises the c3 conformer of 1-3 slightly, likely due to the minor contribution of the LPO5→σ*C3-Se10 interaction. However, only the c1 conformer is significantly destabilized by the Oδ-(1)CO…Oδ-(5)OMe short contact electrostatic repulsion, which is also responsible for its highest νCO frequency. In addition, the LPO5→ σ*C2-C3 orbital interaction accounts for the lowest νCO frequency of c3 conformer. X-ray single crystal analysis of compounds 1 and 2 indicates that in the solid state they assume the least stable c1 conformation found in the gas phase. Molecules of these compounds are stabilised in the crystal through a series of C-H…O and C-H…π intermolecular interactions.
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|Titolo:||Conformational analysis of some 4'-substituted 2-(phenylselanyl)- 2-(methoxy)- acetophenones|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|