Endogenous norepinephrine (NE) release in cerebral cortex slices taken from normal and morphine-tolerant guinea pigs was measured by HPLC. In normal slices, a linear relationship was found between electrically evoked NE release and the log of the frequency of stimulation in the range of 1-20 Hz. The efficiency of the alpha 2-mediated autofeedback was tested by adding the alpha 2-agonist clonidine and the alpha 2 agonist idazoxan. NE release was dose-dependently reduced by clonidine (1 nmol/L-1 mumol/L) and increased by idazoxan (10-100 nmol/L). The inhibition by clonidine was significantly greater at 1 Hz than at 3 Hz, whereas the absolute increase in NE release induced by idazoxan was greater at 3 Hz than at 1 Hz. Morphine at 1 mumol/L (a concentration per se ineffective) shifted to the left the clonidine concentrations able to inhibit NE release at 3 and 1 Hz (1-10 nmol/L), but at both frequencies, the opiate reduced the maximal inhibition induced by clonidine at 1 mumol/L. In slices taken from morphine-tolerant guinea pigs (in the presence of morphine at 1 mumol/L), clonidine (1 nmol/L-1 mumol/L) was ineffective at the stimulation rate of 3 Hz, but it was more active than in normal slices at 1 Hz. Such a response pattern suggests a reduced availability of alpha 2 receptors and an increase in their sensitivity to clonidine. However, chronic morphine treatment did not influence the physiological autoinhibition because the increase in NE release elicited by idazoxan (10-100 nmol/L) at 1 and 3 Hz was the same in normal and in "morphine-tolerant" slices.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Clonidine inhibition of norepinephrine release from normal and morphine-tolerant guinea pig cortical slices

Tomasini, C;Bianchi, C;Beani, L
1992

Abstract

Endogenous norepinephrine (NE) release in cerebral cortex slices taken from normal and morphine-tolerant guinea pigs was measured by HPLC. In normal slices, a linear relationship was found between electrically evoked NE release and the log of the frequency of stimulation in the range of 1-20 Hz. The efficiency of the alpha 2-mediated autofeedback was tested by adding the alpha 2-agonist clonidine and the alpha 2 agonist idazoxan. NE release was dose-dependently reduced by clonidine (1 nmol/L-1 mumol/L) and increased by idazoxan (10-100 nmol/L). The inhibition by clonidine was significantly greater at 1 Hz than at 3 Hz, whereas the absolute increase in NE release induced by idazoxan was greater at 3 Hz than at 1 Hz. Morphine at 1 mumol/L (a concentration per se ineffective) shifted to the left the clonidine concentrations able to inhibit NE release at 3 and 1 Hz (1-10 nmol/L), but at both frequencies, the opiate reduced the maximal inhibition induced by clonidine at 1 mumol/L. In slices taken from morphine-tolerant guinea pigs (in the presence of morphine at 1 mumol/L), clonidine (1 nmol/L-1 mumol/L) was ineffective at the stimulation rate of 3 Hz, but it was more active than in normal slices at 1 Hz. Such a response pattern suggests a reduced availability of alpha 2 receptors and an increase in their sensitivity to clonidine. However, chronic morphine treatment did not influence the physiological autoinhibition because the increase in NE release elicited by idazoxan (10-100 nmol/L) at 1 and 3 Hz was the same in normal and in "morphine-tolerant" slices.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Tomasini, C; Guidorzi, R; Bianchi, C; Beani, L
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2381466
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