In order to evaluate the effect of the regulatory human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) Tat protein on the process of neuronal differentiation, two tat-transfected and mock-transfected PC12 cell lines were cultured in the absence or presence of 100-1000 ng/ml of nerve growth factor (NGF). As expected, NGF was able to induce a clearcut morphological differentiation of mock-transfected PC12 into sympathetic-like neurons, also reducing the percentage of cells in S phase. On the other hand, NGF was unable to reduce the percentage of PC12-tat cells in S phase and/or to induce their neuronal differentiation. Only the addition in culture of 5 mu g/ml neutralizing anti-Tat antibody plus 1000 ng/ml NGF was effective in decreasing the percentage of PC12-tat in S phase and inducing partial signs of neuronal differentiation in serum-free cultures. The ability of Tat protein to suppress the neuronal differentiation pathway controlled by NGF further contribute to the definition of its role in tumor promotion during the course of HTV-1 disease.

HIV-1 Tat protein suppresses the nerve growth factor (NGF)-mediated differentiation of PC12 rat pheochromocytoma cell line

Zauli, G.
;
Marchisio, M.;Bertagnolo, V.;Celeghini, C.;Capitani, S.
1994

Abstract

In order to evaluate the effect of the regulatory human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) Tat protein on the process of neuronal differentiation, two tat-transfected and mock-transfected PC12 cell lines were cultured in the absence or presence of 100-1000 ng/ml of nerve growth factor (NGF). As expected, NGF was able to induce a clearcut morphological differentiation of mock-transfected PC12 into sympathetic-like neurons, also reducing the percentage of cells in S phase. On the other hand, NGF was unable to reduce the percentage of PC12-tat cells in S phase and/or to induce their neuronal differentiation. Only the addition in culture of 5 mu g/ml neutralizing anti-Tat antibody plus 1000 ng/ml NGF was effective in decreasing the percentage of PC12-tat in S phase and inducing partial signs of neuronal differentiation in serum-free cultures. The ability of Tat protein to suppress the neuronal differentiation pathway controlled by NGF further contribute to the definition of its role in tumor promotion during the course of HTV-1 disease.
Zauli, G.; Marchisio, M.; Bertagnolo, V.; Celeghini, C.; Capitani, S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2380386
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