We present a novel application of strain-gauge plethysmography that is suitable to detect blood volume variations in the human venous system. The plethysmography system uses capacitive sensors that are electrically connected to a portable electronic unit to record changes of blood volume over time. Such system has been developed within a project that aimed to monitor the cerebral venous return of the astronaut during an experiment on the International Space Station. In this work, we describe the novel solution in which measurement of elongation is directly obtained by charging the sensor capacitance with a constant current. We also report the full characterization of the plethysmography system and an example of the experimental protocol that has been performed in microgravity condition. Remarkably, the system we propose is able to detect cross-sectional area variations of neck veins with enough sensitivity to be useful for studies concerning cardiac oscillations. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Development of a plethysmography system for use under microgravity conditions

Taibi, Angelo
Primo
;
Andreotti, Mirco;Cibinetto, Gianluigi;Ramusino, Angelo Cotta;Gadda, Giacomo;Malaguti, Roberto;Milano, Luciano;Zamboni, Paolo
Ultimo
2018

Abstract

We present a novel application of strain-gauge plethysmography that is suitable to detect blood volume variations in the human venous system. The plethysmography system uses capacitive sensors that are electrically connected to a portable electronic unit to record changes of blood volume over time. Such system has been developed within a project that aimed to monitor the cerebral venous return of the astronaut during an experiment on the International Space Station. In this work, we describe the novel solution in which measurement of elongation is directly obtained by charging the sensor capacitance with a constant current. We also report the full characterization of the plethysmography system and an example of the experimental protocol that has been performed in microgravity condition. Remarkably, the system we propose is able to detect cross-sectional area variations of neck veins with enough sensitivity to be useful for studies concerning cardiac oscillations. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Taibi, Angelo; Andreotti, Mirco; Cibinetto, Gianluigi; Ramusino, Angelo Cotta; Gadda, Giacomo; Malaguti, Roberto; Milano, Luciano; Zamboni, Paolo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2378607
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