In hot climates, ventilated pitched roofs with tiled coverings reduce the heat transfer across the roof, due to the ventilated air layer between tiles and roofing underlay, which is formed by the arrangement of battens and counter-battens. This so-called Above Sheathing Ventilation (ASV), which depends on the air entering and leaving at the eaves, ridge and the gaps between the tiles, has been enhanced by increasing the roof air permeability by means of novel roof tile shapes. This study analyses the air permeability improvement of a novel tile and its effect on the heat transfer induced by an external heat source (e.g. solar radiation). A CFD model is used to simulate the fluid flow and heat transfer through the tiles, solving the steady-state incompressible fluid flow in a 3D domain by means of the standard k-ε model. A parametric study is conducted to analyse the variation in the air flow passing through the tile and the tile temperature for different incident air flow conditions. A significant increase in flow rate is observed with the novel tile, which produces a lower temperature of the tile and of the air flowing through the tiles. This would help dissipating the excess heat in summer.
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|Titolo:||On the heat transfer through roof tile coverings|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|