Background: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has been introduced to treat drug refractory chronic heart failure (CHF). Apelin, the endogenous ligand of the APJ receptor, is under evaluation for its potential role in human CHF pathophysiology. This study aims to assess whether biventricular pacing affects plasma apelin levels in patients with severe CHF. Methods and results: Fourteen patients (9 men, 5 women, mean age 68 Â± 13Â years) undergoing biventricular pace-maker/ICD implantation were studied. Patients underwent baseline clinical and echocardiographic evaluation, and assessment of plasma apelin and NT-proBNP levels. The evaluation was repeated 48Â h and 9 Â± 2Â months after device implantation to assess the acute and chronic effects of CRT on apelin and NT-proBNP levels. Eight healthy age- and sex-matched subjects served as controls. In CHF patients, baseline apelin levels were reduced and NT-proBNP increased compared to control subjects (apelin: 0.47 Â± 0.2 vs. 0.97 Â± 0.3Â ng/mL, p < 0.001; NT-proBNP: 2007 Â± 114 vs. 229 Â± 72Â pmol/L, p < 0.001). Short-term evaluation did not reveal any effect of CRT on apelin or NT-proBNP levels. By contrast, at 9 Â± 2Â months follow-up, CRT responders showed left ventricular reverse remodelling and an increase in ejection fraction, together with a significant increase in plasma apelin levels (0.99 Â± 0.1 vs. 0.47 Â± 0.2Â ng/mL, p < 0.001) and decrease in NT-proBNP (938 Â± 591 vs. 2007 Â± 114Â pmol/L, p < 0.05). Conclusions: Long-term CRT increases plasma levels of the endogenous inotrope apelin in patients with CHF. Â© 2006 European Society of Cardiology.
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|Titolo:||Cardiac resynchronization therapy increases plasma levels of the endogenous inotrope apelin|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|