OPN and Gal-3 Predict VT/VF in Heart Failure Patients Background Myocardial extracellular matrix remodelling provides electrical heterogeneity entailing ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (VT/VF) in heart failure (HF) patients. Osteopontin (OPN) and Galectin-3 (Gal-3) are fibrosis markers and may reflect the extension of the arrhythmogenic substrate. We assessed whether plasma OPN and Gal-3 predict the risk of sustained VT/VF in a cohort of HF patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). Methods A total of 75 HF patients underwent pre-ICD implantation clinical evaluation and assessment of plasma OPN and Gal-3. The primary endpoint was the time to the occurrence of the first sustained VT/VF. Hazard ratios (HR) were derived from Cox proportional-hazards analysis. Results Patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) had higher plasma OPN (79.8 Â± 44.0 ng/mL vs. 66.0 Â± 31.8 ng/mL; P = 0.04). Both Gal-3 (r = -0.38; P = 0.01) and OPN (r = -0.27; p = 0.01) were negatively related to estimated glomerular filtration rate. After 29 Â± 17 months, 20 patients (27%) reached the primary endpoint. Patients with VT/VF had higher plasma OPN and Gal-3 (97.4 Â± 51.7 ng/mL vs. 65.9 Â± 31.3 ng/mL; P = 0.002 and 19.7 Â± 8.5 ng/mL vs. 16.2 Â± 6.2 ng/mL; P = 0.05). In univariate analysis, OPN (log-OPN, HR: 32.4; 95%CI: 3.9-264.7; P = 0.001) and Gal-3 (HR: 1.05; 95%CI: 1.00-1.11; P = 0.04) predicted sustained VT/VF. In multivariable analysis, both OPN (HR: 41.4; 95%CI: 3.8-441.9; P = 0.002) and Gal-3 (HR: 1.06; 95%CI: 1.00-1.12; P = 0.03) retained their prognostic power after correction for age, sex, history of MI, EF, NYHA class, eGFR, use of ACE-I, and amiodarone. Conclusions Plasma OPN and Gal-3 predict sustained VT/VF in HF patients at high risk for SCD. Larger prospective studies should outline the role of these biomarkers in predicting SCD on top of conventional risk stratification. Â© 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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