Background: Patients with myocardial infarction and concomitant COPD are at increased risk of poor clinical outcomes, including death, as compared to patients without COPD. Aim: To investigate and compare the severity of the clinical presentation of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and of the short-(7. days) and long-term-(end of follow up) mortality in COPD patients treated with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS)/long-acting bronchodilator (LABD) - either long-acting beta2 agonist (LABA) or long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) - vs. any other inhaled treatments. Methods: Data from the REAL (Registro Angioplastiche dell'Emilia-Romagna) Registry were obtained from a large prospective study population of 11,118 patients admitted to hospital for STEMI. Results: From January 2003 to June 2009 we identified 2032 COPD patients admitted to hospital for STEMI. Eight hundred and twenty (40%) COPD patients were on ICS/LABD treatment (of which 55% on ICS/LABA) prior to admission. After adjustment for potential confounding factors, ICS/LABD treatment before STEMI was an independent predictor of reduced risk of pulmonary oedema and cardiogenic shock (OR 0.5, 95%CI 0.3-0.72, p. <. 0.01; OR 0.7, 95%CI 0.4-0.9, p = 0.03, respectively). ICS/LABD treatment was associated to reduced 7-days mortality (OR 0.54, 95%CI 0.29-0.98, p = 0.045) compared to other inhaled regimens. ICS/LABD-treated did not affect long-term (median 4. years) mortality. After hospital discharge, the proportion of ICS/LABD treated patients decreased significantly at 6. months and afterwards after the STEMI episode. Conclusion: Our data provide preliminary evidence that in COPD patients ICS/LABD treatment reduces the severity of STEMI acute-phase clinical manifestations compared to other inhaled treatments.
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|Titolo:||Inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting bronchodilator treatment mitigates STEMI clinical presentation in COPD patients|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|