The distribution of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), substance P/tachykinin (SP/TK), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), neuropeptide Y (NPY) and gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) immunoreactivities (IR) in the rat pancreas was investigated using radioimmunoassay and immunohistochemistry. CGRP, NPY and VIP tissue contents are much higher than GRP and SP/TK concentrations. Peptide-containing nerves are distributed to both the exocrine and endocrine pancreas. However, differences exist in terms of density and targets of innervation for each peptidergic system. In the acini and through the stroma, fibers IR for CGRP, NPY and VIP are > GRP- and SP/TK-containing processes. The vasculature is supplied by a prominent NPY, CGRP and, to a lesser extent, SP/TK innervation. VIP-IR is found occasionally, and GRP-IR is never detected, in fibers associated with blood vessels. Around ducts, CGRP- and NPY-positive neurites are > SP/TK- ≥ VIP-IR fibers, whereas GRP-containing nerves are not visualized. In the islets, the density of peptidergic nerves is: VIP-, GRP- ≥ CGRP-IR > NPY or SP/TK. In intrapancreatic ganglia, VIP- and, to a lesser extent, NPY-IRs are found in numerous neuronal cell bodies and in nerve fibers; GRP-IR is present in numerous nerve processes and in few cell bodies; CGRP- and SP/TK-IRs are detected only in fibers wrapping around unlabeled ganglion cells. The majority of CGRP-IR fibers contain SP/TK-IR. The existence of differential patterns of peptidergic nerves suggests that peptides exert their effects on pancreatic functions via different pathways.

Tissue distribution and innervation pattern of peptide immunoreactivities in the rat pancreas

DE GIORGIO, Roberto;
1992

Abstract

The distribution of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), substance P/tachykinin (SP/TK), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), neuropeptide Y (NPY) and gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) immunoreactivities (IR) in the rat pancreas was investigated using radioimmunoassay and immunohistochemistry. CGRP, NPY and VIP tissue contents are much higher than GRP and SP/TK concentrations. Peptide-containing nerves are distributed to both the exocrine and endocrine pancreas. However, differences exist in terms of density and targets of innervation for each peptidergic system. In the acini and through the stroma, fibers IR for CGRP, NPY and VIP are > GRP- and SP/TK-containing processes. The vasculature is supplied by a prominent NPY, CGRP and, to a lesser extent, SP/TK innervation. VIP-IR is found occasionally, and GRP-IR is never detected, in fibers associated with blood vessels. Around ducts, CGRP- and NPY-positive neurites are > SP/TK- ≥ VIP-IR fibers, whereas GRP-containing nerves are not visualized. In the islets, the density of peptidergic nerves is: VIP-, GRP- ≥ CGRP-IR > NPY or SP/TK. In intrapancreatic ganglia, VIP- and, to a lesser extent, NPY-IRs are found in numerous neuronal cell bodies and in nerve fibers; GRP-IR is present in numerous nerve processes and in few cell bodies; CGRP- and SP/TK-IRs are detected only in fibers wrapping around unlabeled ganglion cells. The majority of CGRP-IR fibers contain SP/TK-IR. The existence of differential patterns of peptidergic nerves suggests that peptides exert their effects on pancreatic functions via different pathways.
DE GIORGIO, Roberto; Sternini, C; Anderson, K; Brecha, Nc; Go, V. L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/2375016
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