The pattern of nerve cells and fibers containing calcitonin gene-related peptide immunoreactivity (CGRP-IR) was investigated in the canine digestive tract by means of immunohistochemistry. CGRP-IR nerve fibers innervate all the layers of the gut, including the vasculature, with different densities depending on the region. CGRP-IR processes are sparse in the esophagus and stomach, where they are mostly confined to the enteric plexuses and vasculature. CGRP-IR fibers are quite abundant in the small and large intestine, where they form dense arborizations in the mucosa, and are numerous in the muscularis mucosae, deep muscular plexus and circular muscle. The myenteric and submucous plexuses of the intestine contain dense networks of CGRP-IR fibers and numerous CGRP-IR ganglion cells. On the other hand, in the enteric ganglia of the esophagus and stomach, in the intrapancreatic ganglia and in the ganglionated plexus of the gallbladder, CGRP-IR is restricted to non-varicose processes. A moderate density of CGRP-IR fibers supplies the endocrine and exocrine pancreas, and the fibromuscular layer and lamina propria of the gallbladder. The density of CGRP innervation in different regions can be summarized as follows: intestine≫pancreas and gallbladder≥antrum>cardia>gastric corpus and distal esophagus. CGRP- and tachykinin (TK)-IRs are colocalized in a substantial population of fibers, particularly those distributed to the mucosa, muscularis mucosae and vasculature, whereas there was no evidence of colocalization in intrinsic ganglion cells. The present results suggest that (1) the CGRP innervation of the dog digestive system includes an intrinsic and an extrinsic component, and (2) CGRP-and TK-IRs are co-expressed in extrinsic nerve fibers. These findings extend previous observations in rats and guinea pigs and provide insights into the sites of action of CGRP in the digestive system of the dog, which has served as a model for CGRP functional studies.

Calcitonin gene-related peptide neurons innervating the canine digestive system

DE GIORGIO, Roberto;
1992

Abstract

The pattern of nerve cells and fibers containing calcitonin gene-related peptide immunoreactivity (CGRP-IR) was investigated in the canine digestive tract by means of immunohistochemistry. CGRP-IR nerve fibers innervate all the layers of the gut, including the vasculature, with different densities depending on the region. CGRP-IR processes are sparse in the esophagus and stomach, where they are mostly confined to the enteric plexuses and vasculature. CGRP-IR fibers are quite abundant in the small and large intestine, where they form dense arborizations in the mucosa, and are numerous in the muscularis mucosae, deep muscular plexus and circular muscle. The myenteric and submucous plexuses of the intestine contain dense networks of CGRP-IR fibers and numerous CGRP-IR ganglion cells. On the other hand, in the enteric ganglia of the esophagus and stomach, in the intrapancreatic ganglia and in the ganglionated plexus of the gallbladder, CGRP-IR is restricted to non-varicose processes. A moderate density of CGRP-IR fibers supplies the endocrine and exocrine pancreas, and the fibromuscular layer and lamina propria of the gallbladder. The density of CGRP innervation in different regions can be summarized as follows: intestine≫pancreas and gallbladder≥antrum>cardia>gastric corpus and distal esophagus. CGRP- and tachykinin (TK)-IRs are colocalized in a substantial population of fibers, particularly those distributed to the mucosa, muscularis mucosae and vasculature, whereas there was no evidence of colocalization in intrinsic ganglion cells. The present results suggest that (1) the CGRP innervation of the dog digestive system includes an intrinsic and an extrinsic component, and (2) CGRP-and TK-IRs are co-expressed in extrinsic nerve fibers. These findings extend previous observations in rats and guinea pigs and provide insights into the sites of action of CGRP in the digestive system of the dog, which has served as a model for CGRP functional studies.
Sternini, C; DE GIORGIO, Roberto; Furness, J. B.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/2374981
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