In the pancreas, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) immunoreactivity has been described in nerve fibers and in distinct types of islet cells. This unique, apparently species-specific cell-type expression prompted the present investigation to clarify further the pattern of CGRP immunoreactivity in different mammalian species (i.e., different strains of rats, mice, guinea pigs, rabbits, cats, dogs, pigs, and humans) commonly used for functional and anatomical studies of the pancreas by means of immunohistochemistry using three different CGRP antibodies. In each species, CGRP-immunoreactive neurites innervate the exocrine and endocrine compartments, the vasculature, and the intrapancreatic ganglia, where they form dense networks encircling unstained cell bodies. The only exception is the pig pancreas, where the islets appear to be devoid of immunoreactive fibers. The overall density of immunoreactive pancreatic axons in different species is as follows: rat, mouse, and rabbit>guinea pig≥pig and cat> >dog and human. CGRP-immunoreactive endocrine cells appear to be restricted to the rat pancreas, where they form a subpopulation of somatostatin-containing D cells. In contrast, in mouse, guinea pig, cat, dog, and human pancreas, a homogeneous staining of the core of the islets, where insulin-producing B cells are located, was visualized in sections incubated with the rabbit CGRP antiserum at 4°C, but not at 37°C (an incubation temperature that does not affect the islet cell staining in the rat nor the fiber labeling in any species). Furthermore, the staining of islet B cells was not reproductible with all the CGRP antibodies used, all of which comparably stain nerve fibers in each species, and islet D cells in the rat. Immunoreactive islet cells were not visualized in pig and rabbit pancreas. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that the expression of CGRP in nerve fibers is a common feature of mammalian pancreas, whereas its expression in endocrine cells appears to be restricted to the D cells of the rat pancreas.

Species differences in the immunoreactive patterns of calcitonin gene-related peptide in the pancreas

DE GIORGIO, Roberto;
1992

Abstract

In the pancreas, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) immunoreactivity has been described in nerve fibers and in distinct types of islet cells. This unique, apparently species-specific cell-type expression prompted the present investigation to clarify further the pattern of CGRP immunoreactivity in different mammalian species (i.e., different strains of rats, mice, guinea pigs, rabbits, cats, dogs, pigs, and humans) commonly used for functional and anatomical studies of the pancreas by means of immunohistochemistry using three different CGRP antibodies. In each species, CGRP-immunoreactive neurites innervate the exocrine and endocrine compartments, the vasculature, and the intrapancreatic ganglia, where they form dense networks encircling unstained cell bodies. The only exception is the pig pancreas, where the islets appear to be devoid of immunoreactive fibers. The overall density of immunoreactive pancreatic axons in different species is as follows: rat, mouse, and rabbit>guinea pig≥pig and cat> >dog and human. CGRP-immunoreactive endocrine cells appear to be restricted to the rat pancreas, where they form a subpopulation of somatostatin-containing D cells. In contrast, in mouse, guinea pig, cat, dog, and human pancreas, a homogeneous staining of the core of the islets, where insulin-producing B cells are located, was visualized in sections incubated with the rabbit CGRP antiserum at 4°C, but not at 37°C (an incubation temperature that does not affect the islet cell staining in the rat nor the fiber labeling in any species). Furthermore, the staining of islet B cells was not reproductible with all the CGRP antibodies used, all of which comparably stain nerve fibers in each species, and islet D cells in the rat. Immunoreactive islet cells were not visualized in pig and rabbit pancreas. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that the expression of CGRP in nerve fibers is a common feature of mammalian pancreas, whereas its expression in endocrine cells appears to be restricted to the D cells of the rat pancreas.
Sternini, C; DE GIORGIO, Roberto; Anderson, K; Watt, Pc; Brunicardi, Fc; Widdison, Al; Wong, H; Reber, Ha; Walsh, Jh; Go, V. L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2374978
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