Background & Aims: Activation of autoimmune pathways has been implicated as a contributing mechanism to the pathophysiology in some patients with chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction (CIP). In this study we tested the hypothesis that sera from a subpopulation of patients with CIP contain autoantibodies that activate autophagy via a Fas-dependent pathway in cultured human neuroblastoma SH-Sy5Y cells. Methods: Twenty-five patients with established neurogenic CIP (20 women, 5 men; age range, 21-57 y) were investigated and circulating antineuronal antibodies to enteric neurons were found in 6 (24%) patients. The ability of antineuronal antibodies to induce autophagy was assessed using immunohistochemical, Western immunoblot, and molecular techniques. The presence of autophagosomes was monitored using a specific immunohistochemical marker, anti-microtubule-associated light chain immunoreactivity, and colocalization with mitochondrial- and Fas-activated death domain immunofluorescence using appropriate antibodies in cells exposed to sera from matched healthy controls and patients with neurogenic CIP. Results: Exposure of SH-Sy5Y cells to sera from patients with CIP containing antineuronal antibodies revealed increased binding of autoimmune immunoglobulin (IgG class) to the surface of SH-Sy5Y cells and increased formation of autophagosomes showing colocalization with mitochondria and Fas-activated death domain compared with control sera. Pretreatment of sera with either protein L agarose beads or a soluble Fas receptor (extracellular domain) chimera prevented the stimulation of autophagy. Conclusions: We provide novel evidence that antineuronal antibodies may contribute to neuronal dysfunction observed in a subset of patients with neurogenic CIP via autoantibody-mediated activation of autophagy involving the Fas receptor complex.

Neurogenic chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction: antineuronal antibody-mediated activation of autophagy via Fas

DE GIORGIO, Roberto;
2008

Abstract

Background & Aims: Activation of autoimmune pathways has been implicated as a contributing mechanism to the pathophysiology in some patients with chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction (CIP). In this study we tested the hypothesis that sera from a subpopulation of patients with CIP contain autoantibodies that activate autophagy via a Fas-dependent pathway in cultured human neuroblastoma SH-Sy5Y cells. Methods: Twenty-five patients with established neurogenic CIP (20 women, 5 men; age range, 21-57 y) were investigated and circulating antineuronal antibodies to enteric neurons were found in 6 (24%) patients. The ability of antineuronal antibodies to induce autophagy was assessed using immunohistochemical, Western immunoblot, and molecular techniques. The presence of autophagosomes was monitored using a specific immunohistochemical marker, anti-microtubule-associated light chain immunoreactivity, and colocalization with mitochondrial- and Fas-activated death domain immunofluorescence using appropriate antibodies in cells exposed to sera from matched healthy controls and patients with neurogenic CIP. Results: Exposure of SH-Sy5Y cells to sera from patients with CIP containing antineuronal antibodies revealed increased binding of autoimmune immunoglobulin (IgG class) to the surface of SH-Sy5Y cells and increased formation of autophagosomes showing colocalization with mitochondria and Fas-activated death domain compared with control sera. Pretreatment of sera with either protein L agarose beads or a soluble Fas receptor (extracellular domain) chimera prevented the stimulation of autophagy. Conclusions: We provide novel evidence that antineuronal antibodies may contribute to neuronal dysfunction observed in a subset of patients with neurogenic CIP via autoantibody-mediated activation of autophagy involving the Fas receptor complex.
DE GIORGIO, Roberto; Volta, U.; Stanghellini, V.; Cogliandro, R. F.; Barbara, G.; Corinaldesi, R.; Towns, R.; Guo, C.; Hong, S.; Wiley, J. W.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2374959
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