Immunoglobulin G antibodies against deamidated gliadin peptides are now known to have diagnostic accuracy comparable to tissue transglutaminase and endomysium autoantibodies in patients with coeliac disease. However, little is known about their predictive value in infants with a suspected gluten enteropathy. We tested whether deamidated gliadin immunoglobulin G antibodies are more reliable than traditional tests for coeliac disease screening in infancy. Sixty-five children under 2 years of age (42 with malabsorption, 23 controls) were tested for deamidated gliadin immunoglobulin G, tissue transglutaminase and endomysium immunoglobulin A, and gliadin immunoglobulins A and G . Thirty-seven of the 42 children with malabsorption had deamidated gliadin antibodies, associated with tissue transglutaminase and endomysial antibodies in 33, and with gliadin immunoglobulins A and G in 21 and 29, respectively. Intestinal biopsy was performed in 34 of the 37 children positive for deamidated gliadin antibodies. Thirty-two/34 showed villous atrophy consistent with coeliac disease, while the remaining two had a Marsh 1 and a normal mucosa, respectively. Only gliadin immunoglobulins A (4.3%) and G (39.1%) were found in controls. The sensitivity of deamidated gliadin, tissue transglutaminase and endomysial antibodies for coeliac disease was significantly higher than that of gliadin immunoglobulins G and A. High titre deamidated gliadin antibodies correlated with severe intestinal damage. Deamidated gliadin antibodies showed a higher diagnostic accuracy for coeliac disease than gliadin antibodies in infancy. High titre deamidated gliadin antibodies predict a severe gluten-dependent duodenal damage.

Antibodies to deamidated gliadin peptides: an accurate predictor of coeliac disease in infancy

DE GIORGIO, Roberto
;
Caio G;
2013

Abstract

Immunoglobulin G antibodies against deamidated gliadin peptides are now known to have diagnostic accuracy comparable to tissue transglutaminase and endomysium autoantibodies in patients with coeliac disease. However, little is known about their predictive value in infants with a suspected gluten enteropathy. We tested whether deamidated gliadin immunoglobulin G antibodies are more reliable than traditional tests for coeliac disease screening in infancy. Sixty-five children under 2 years of age (42 with malabsorption, 23 controls) were tested for deamidated gliadin immunoglobulin G, tissue transglutaminase and endomysium immunoglobulin A, and gliadin immunoglobulins A and G . Thirty-seven of the 42 children with malabsorption had deamidated gliadin antibodies, associated with tissue transglutaminase and endomysial antibodies in 33, and with gliadin immunoglobulins A and G in 21 and 29, respectively. Intestinal biopsy was performed in 34 of the 37 children positive for deamidated gliadin antibodies. Thirty-two/34 showed villous atrophy consistent with coeliac disease, while the remaining two had a Marsh 1 and a normal mucosa, respectively. Only gliadin immunoglobulins A (4.3%) and G (39.1%) were found in controls. The sensitivity of deamidated gliadin, tissue transglutaminase and endomysial antibodies for coeliac disease was significantly higher than that of gliadin immunoglobulins G and A. High titre deamidated gliadin antibodies correlated with severe intestinal damage. Deamidated gliadin antibodies showed a higher diagnostic accuracy for coeliac disease than gliadin antibodies in infancy. High titre deamidated gliadin antibodies predict a severe gluten-dependent duodenal damage.
Amarri, S; Alvisi, P; DE GIORGIO, Roberto; Gelli, Mc; Cicola, R; Tovoli, F; Sassatelli, R; Caio, G; Volta, U.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2374930
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