Background. Adenosine affects the tone and reactivity of airways by activating specific membrane receptors, named A1, A2a, A2b and A3. It affects cellular activities either directly by regulating membrane ion exchanges and polarization, or indirectly by modifying neurotransmitter release. Objectives. We assessed the effect of A1 and A3 receptor activation on electrically-induced non adrenergic, non cholinergic (NANC) relaxations in the guinea pig isolated trachea and the localization of A1 and A3 receptor in tracheal inhibitory neurons. Methods. NANC responses at 3 Hz were evaluated in the presence of 2-chloro-N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CCPA), a selective A1 agonist, and 2-chloro- N6-(3-iodobenzyl)-adenosine-5’-N-methyluronamide (Cl-IB-MECA), a selective A3 agonist, before and after the administration of 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine (DPCPX), a selective A1 antagonist, or 9-chloro-2-(2-furanyl)-5-((phenylacetyl)amino-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c])quinazoline (MRS 1220), a selective A3 antagonist, respectively. For immunohistochemistry, tissues were exposed to antibodies to HuC/D, a general neuronal marker, neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), and A1 or A3 adenosine receptors and processed by indirect immunofluorescence. Results. CCPA (10 nM-3 M) inhibited NANC relaxations. DPCPX (10 nM) failed to antagonize CCPA effect, but inhibited per se NANC relaxations (range 0.1-100 nM). CCPA (10 nM-10 M) contracted unstimulated tracheal preparations, an effect antagonized by 10 nM DPCPX, with a pKB value of 8.43. Cl-IB-MECA (10 nM-3 M) inhibited NANC relaxations, through a mechanism antagonized by MRS 1220 (100 nM). A1 and A3 positive neurons containing nNOS were detected in tracheal sections. Conclusions. Endogenous adenosine may induce airway hyperresponsiveness by inhibiting NANC relaxations via A1 and A3 receptors.

Adenosine A(1) and A(3) Receptor Agonists Inhibit Nonadrenergic, Noncholinergic Relaxations in the Guinea Pig Isolated Trachea

DE GIORGIO, Roberto;
2009

Abstract

Background. Adenosine affects the tone and reactivity of airways by activating specific membrane receptors, named A1, A2a, A2b and A3. It affects cellular activities either directly by regulating membrane ion exchanges and polarization, or indirectly by modifying neurotransmitter release. Objectives. We assessed the effect of A1 and A3 receptor activation on electrically-induced non adrenergic, non cholinergic (NANC) relaxations in the guinea pig isolated trachea and the localization of A1 and A3 receptor in tracheal inhibitory neurons. Methods. NANC responses at 3 Hz were evaluated in the presence of 2-chloro-N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CCPA), a selective A1 agonist, and 2-chloro- N6-(3-iodobenzyl)-adenosine-5’-N-methyluronamide (Cl-IB-MECA), a selective A3 agonist, before and after the administration of 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine (DPCPX), a selective A1 antagonist, or 9-chloro-2-(2-furanyl)-5-((phenylacetyl)amino-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c])quinazoline (MRS 1220), a selective A3 antagonist, respectively. For immunohistochemistry, tissues were exposed to antibodies to HuC/D, a general neuronal marker, neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), and A1 or A3 adenosine receptors and processed by indirect immunofluorescence. Results. CCPA (10 nM-3 M) inhibited NANC relaxations. DPCPX (10 nM) failed to antagonize CCPA effect, but inhibited per se NANC relaxations (range 0.1-100 nM). CCPA (10 nM-10 M) contracted unstimulated tracheal preparations, an effect antagonized by 10 nM DPCPX, with a pKB value of 8.43. Cl-IB-MECA (10 nM-3 M) inhibited NANC relaxations, through a mechanism antagonized by MRS 1220 (100 nM). A1 and A3 positive neurons containing nNOS were detected in tracheal sections. Conclusions. Endogenous adenosine may induce airway hyperresponsiveness by inhibiting NANC relaxations via A1 and A3 receptors.
Dellabianca, A.; Faniglione, M.; De Angelis, S.; Tonini, S.; Balestra, B.; Colucci, M.; Cervio, M.; Clavenzani, P.; Chiocchetti, R.; DE GIORGIO, Roberto; Candura, S. M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2374904
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