A better understanding of the microalgal basic biology is still required to improve the feasibility of algal bioproducts. The photosynthetic capability is one of the parameters that need further progress in research. A superior PSII activity was previously described in the green alga Neochloris oleoabundans. In this study, N. oleoabundans was grown in a glucose-supplied culture medium, in order to provide new information on the organisation and interaction of thylakoid protein complexes under mixotrophy. Fluorescence measurements suggested a strong association of light harvesting complex II (LHCII) to PSII in mixotrophic samples, confirmed by the lack of LHCII phosphorylation under growth light and the presence of PSI-PSII-LHCII megacomplexes in Blue-Native gel profile. The chloroplast ultrastructure was accordingly characterised by a higher degree of thylakoid appression compared to autotrophic microalgae. This also affected the capability of mixotrophic microalgae to avoid photodamage when exposed to high-light conditions. On the whole, it emerged that the presence of glucose affected the photosynthetic performance of mixotrophic samples, apparently limiting the dynamicity of thylakoid protein complexes. As a consequence, PSII is preserved against degradation and the PSI:PSII is lowered upon mixotrophic growth. Apparent increase in PSII photochemical activity was attributed to a down-regulated chlororespiratory electron recycling.

Higher packing of thylakoid complexes ensures a preserved Photosystem II activity in mixotrophic Neochloris oleoabundans

GIOVANARDI, Martina;FERRONI, Lorenzo;BALDISSEROTTO, Costanza;PANCALDI, Simonetta
Ultimo
2017

Abstract

A better understanding of the microalgal basic biology is still required to improve the feasibility of algal bioproducts. The photosynthetic capability is one of the parameters that need further progress in research. A superior PSII activity was previously described in the green alga Neochloris oleoabundans. In this study, N. oleoabundans was grown in a glucose-supplied culture medium, in order to provide new information on the organisation and interaction of thylakoid protein complexes under mixotrophy. Fluorescence measurements suggested a strong association of light harvesting complex II (LHCII) to PSII in mixotrophic samples, confirmed by the lack of LHCII phosphorylation under growth light and the presence of PSI-PSII-LHCII megacomplexes in Blue-Native gel profile. The chloroplast ultrastructure was accordingly characterised by a higher degree of thylakoid appression compared to autotrophic microalgae. This also affected the capability of mixotrophic microalgae to avoid photodamage when exposed to high-light conditions. On the whole, it emerged that the presence of glucose affected the photosynthetic performance of mixotrophic samples, apparently limiting the dynamicity of thylakoid protein complexes. As a consequence, PSII is preserved against degradation and the PSI:PSII is lowered upon mixotrophic growth. Apparent increase in PSII photochemical activity was attributed to a down-regulated chlororespiratory electron recycling.
Giovanardi, Martina; Poggioli, Mariachiara; Ferroni, Lorenzo; Lespinasse, Maija; Baldisserotto, Costanza; Aro, Eva Mari; Pancaldi, Simonetta
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