Twenty-eight patients with intracranial tumors symptomatic during the 1st year of life were managed from January 1970 to March 1988. Supratentorial location (19 cases) was dominant over the infratentorial. The most common histological type was astrocytoma; choroid plexus papilloma and ependymal tumors followed in frequency. Twenty-two infants (78.6%) had associated hydrocephalus. Macrocrania, vomiting, delayed milestones, and behavioral disturbances were the chief clinical manifestations. Four patients were admitted in extremely deteriorated condition and died preoperatively. Twenty cases underwent surgery for tumor removal with a 1-month mortality rate of 20%. Tumor excision provided permanent relief of hydrocephalus in the majority of the surviving cases. Five patients received conventional radiotherapy. Stereotactic brachytherapy yielded an excellent result in 1 case. Overall 13 cases are currently alive; 6 of them have survived longer than 6 years. Fourteen of the 15 patients who were dead at follow-up succumbed within 1 year after diagnosis. © 1989 Springer-Verlag.

Intracranial tumors during the 1st year of life

CAVALLO, Michele Alessandro;
1989

Abstract

Twenty-eight patients with intracranial tumors symptomatic during the 1st year of life were managed from January 1970 to March 1988. Supratentorial location (19 cases) was dominant over the infratentorial. The most common histological type was astrocytoma; choroid plexus papilloma and ependymal tumors followed in frequency. Twenty-two infants (78.6%) had associated hydrocephalus. Macrocrania, vomiting, delayed milestones, and behavioral disturbances were the chief clinical manifestations. Four patients were admitted in extremely deteriorated condition and died preoperatively. Twenty cases underwent surgery for tumor removal with a 1-month mortality rate of 20%. Tumor excision provided permanent relief of hydrocephalus in the majority of the surviving cases. Five patients received conventional radiotherapy. Stereotactic brachytherapy yielded an excellent result in 1 case. Overall 13 cases are currently alive; 6 of them have survived longer than 6 years. Fourteen of the 15 patients who were dead at follow-up succumbed within 1 year after diagnosis. © 1989 Springer-Verlag.
Galassi, Ercole; Godano, Umberto; Cavallo, Michele Alessandro; Donati, Roberto; Nasi, Maria Teresa
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/2373685
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