Since the mid-to-late 2000s, synthetic cathinones have gained popularity among drug users due to their psychostimulant effects greater than those produced by cocaine and amphetamine. Among them, 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) and 1-phenyl-2-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)pentan-1-one (α-PVP) are ones of the most popular cathinones available in the clandestine market as "bath salts" or "fertilizers." Pre-clinical studies indicate that MDPV and α-PVP induced psychomotor stimulation, affected thermoregulation, and promoted reinforcing properties in rodents. However, a direct comparative analysis on the effects caused by MDPV and α-PVP on the behavior and neuronal activation in rodents is still lacking. Behavioral analyses revealed that both MDPV and α-PVP affect spontaneous and stimulated motor responses. In particular, MDPV showed a greater psychomotor effect than α-PVP in line with its higher potency in blocking the dopamine transporter (DAT). Notably, MDPV was found to be more effective than α-PVP in facilitating spontaneous locomotion and it displayed a biphasic effect in contrast to the monophasically stimulated locomotion induced by α-PVP. In addition to the behavioral results, we also found a different modulation of immediate early genes (IEGs) such as Arc/Arg3.1 and c-Fos in the frontal lobe, striatum, and hippocampus, indicating that these drugs do impact brain homeostasis with changes in neuronal activity that depend on the drug, the brain area analyzed, and the timing after the injection. These results provide the first discrimination between MDPV and α-PVP based on behavioral and molecular data that may contribute to explain, at least in part, their toxicity.

The Cathinones MDPV and α-PVP Elicit Different Behavioral and Molecular Effects Following Acute Exposure

CANAZZA, Isabella;BILEL, Sabrine;OSSATO, Andrea;MARTI, Matteo
2017

Abstract

Since the mid-to-late 2000s, synthetic cathinones have gained popularity among drug users due to their psychostimulant effects greater than those produced by cocaine and amphetamine. Among them, 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) and 1-phenyl-2-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)pentan-1-one (α-PVP) are ones of the most popular cathinones available in the clandestine market as "bath salts" or "fertilizers." Pre-clinical studies indicate that MDPV and α-PVP induced psychomotor stimulation, affected thermoregulation, and promoted reinforcing properties in rodents. However, a direct comparative analysis on the effects caused by MDPV and α-PVP on the behavior and neuronal activation in rodents is still lacking. Behavioral analyses revealed that both MDPV and α-PVP affect spontaneous and stimulated motor responses. In particular, MDPV showed a greater psychomotor effect than α-PVP in line with its higher potency in blocking the dopamine transporter (DAT). Notably, MDPV was found to be more effective than α-PVP in facilitating spontaneous locomotion and it displayed a biphasic effect in contrast to the monophasically stimulated locomotion induced by α-PVP. In addition to the behavioral results, we also found a different modulation of immediate early genes (IEGs) such as Arc/Arg3.1 and c-Fos in the frontal lobe, striatum, and hippocampus, indicating that these drugs do impact brain homeostasis with changes in neuronal activity that depend on the drug, the brain area analyzed, and the timing after the injection. These results provide the first discrimination between MDPV and α-PVP based on behavioral and molecular data that may contribute to explain, at least in part, their toxicity.
Giannotti, Giuseppe; Canazza, Isabella; Caffino, Lucia; Bilel, Sabrine; Ossato, Andrea; Fumagalli, Fabio; Marti, Matteo
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2372383
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 27
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 27
social impact