LiMnPO4 is a potential cathode for lithium-ion battery of high thermal stability, low cost, environmental sustainability and high theoretical energy density. However, this intriguing olivine material suffers from intrinsic sluggish kinetics of lithium (de-)insertion, which limits the reversible reaction in practical lithium cells. Herein we report a careful study of the impedance features of LiMnPO4 during electrochemical reaction in lithium cell. The LiMnPO4 material is prepared by sol-gel method and fully characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The material shows suitable galvanostatic cycling with a working voltage of about 4.1 V, which is higher than the 3.5 V value expected from the most common olivine material, i.e., LiFePO4. Hence, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is used to study the lithium (de-)insertion within the LiMnPO4 structure. The results indicate an impedance behavior depending on the state of charge and a lithium diffusion coefficient trend slightly decreasing during cell operation within the 10−14 − 10−13 cm2 s−1 range. The electrochemical study in lithium cell reveals remarkable enhancement of the electrode kinetics at 70 °C, which suggests preferred application of LiMnPO4 materials at the higher temperatures.

Electrochemical features of LiMnPO4 olivine prepared by sol-gel pathway

Di Lecce, Daniele;HASSOUN, Jusef
2017

Abstract

LiMnPO4 is a potential cathode for lithium-ion battery of high thermal stability, low cost, environmental sustainability and high theoretical energy density. However, this intriguing olivine material suffers from intrinsic sluggish kinetics of lithium (de-)insertion, which limits the reversible reaction in practical lithium cells. Herein we report a careful study of the impedance features of LiMnPO4 during electrochemical reaction in lithium cell. The LiMnPO4 material is prepared by sol-gel method and fully characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The material shows suitable galvanostatic cycling with a working voltage of about 4.1 V, which is higher than the 3.5 V value expected from the most common olivine material, i.e., LiFePO4. Hence, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is used to study the lithium (de-)insertion within the LiMnPO4 structure. The results indicate an impedance behavior depending on the state of charge and a lithium diffusion coefficient trend slightly decreasing during cell operation within the 10−14 − 10−13 cm2 s−1 range. The electrochemical study in lithium cell reveals remarkable enhancement of the electrode kinetics at 70 °C, which suggests preferred application of LiMnPO4 materials at the higher temperatures.
Di Lecce, Daniele; Hu, Tao; Hassoun, Jusef
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/2371811
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