We developed a mathematical model of the cerebral venous outflow for the simulation of the average blood flows and pressures in the main drainage vessels of the brain. The main features of the model are that it includes a validated model for the simulation of the intracranial circulation and it accounts for the dependence of the hydraulic properties of the jugular veins with respect to the gravity field, which makes it an useful tool for the study of the correlations between extracranial blood redistributions and changes in the intracranial environment. The model is able to simulate the average pressures and flows in different points of the jugular ducts, taking into account the amount of blood coming from the anastomotic connections; simulate how the blood redistribution due to change of posture affects flows and pressures in specific points of the system; and simulate redistributions due to stenotic patterns. Sensitivity analysis to check the robustness of the model was performed. The model reproduces average physiologic behavior of the jugular, vertebral, and cerebral ducts in terms of pressures and flows. In fact, jugular flow drops from ~11.7 to ~1.4 ml/s in the passage from supine to standing. At the same time, vertebral flow increases from 0.8 to 3.4 ml/s, while cerebral blood flow, venous sinuses pressure, and intracranial pressure are constant around the average value of 12.5 ml/s, 6 mmHg, and 10 mmHg, respectively. All these values are in agreement with literature data.
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|Titolo:||A new hemodynamic model for the study of cerebral venous outflow|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|