Abenquines are natural quinones, produced by some Streptomycetes, showing the ability to inhibit cyanobacterial growth in the 1 to 100 μM range. To further elucidate their biological significance, the synthesis of several analogues (4f−h, 5a− h) allowed us to identify some steric and electronic requirements for bioactivity. Replacing the acetyl by a benzoyl group in the quinone core and also changing the amino acid moiety with ethylpyrimidinyl or ethylpyrrolidinyl groups resulted in analogues 25-fold more potent than the natural abenquines. The two most effective analogues inhibited the proliferation of five cyanobacterial strains tested, with IC50 values ranging from 0.3 to 3 μM. These compounds may be useful leads for the development of an effective strategy for the control of cyanobacterial blooms.

Natural Abenquines and Their Synthetic Analogues Exert Algicidal Activity against Bloom-Forming Cyanobacteria

FORLANI, Giuseppe
Ultimo
2017

Abstract

Abenquines are natural quinones, produced by some Streptomycetes, showing the ability to inhibit cyanobacterial growth in the 1 to 100 μM range. To further elucidate their biological significance, the synthesis of several analogues (4f−h, 5a− h) allowed us to identify some steric and electronic requirements for bioactivity. Replacing the acetyl by a benzoyl group in the quinone core and also changing the amino acid moiety with ethylpyrimidinyl or ethylpyrrolidinyl groups resulted in analogues 25-fold more potent than the natural abenquines. The two most effective analogues inhibited the proliferation of five cyanobacterial strains tested, with IC50 values ranging from 0.3 to 3 μM. These compounds may be useful leads for the development of an effective strategy for the control of cyanobacterial blooms.
Amalyn Nain, Perez; Luiz Cláudio Almeida, Barbosa; Célia Regina Álvares, Maltha; Forlani, Giuseppe
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