Abenquines are natural quinones, produced by some Streptomycetes, showing the ability to inhibit cyanobacterial growth in the 1 to 100 μM range. To further elucidate their biological significance, the synthesis of several analogues (4f−h, 5a− h) allowed us to identify some steric and electronic requirements for bioactivity. Replacing the acetyl by a benzoyl group in the quinone core and also changing the amino acid moiety with ethylpyrimidinyl or ethylpyrrolidinyl groups resulted in analogues 25-fold more potent than the natural abenquines. The two most effective analogues inhibited the proliferation of five cyanobacterial strains tested, with IC50 values ranging from 0.3 to 3 μM. These compounds may be useful leads for the development of an effective strategy for the control of cyanobacterial blooms.
|Titolo:||Natural Abenquines and Their Synthetic Analogues Exert Algicidal Activity against Bloom-Forming Cyanobacteria|
FORLANI, Giuseppe (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|