Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a global health problem. The mechanisms of immune tolerance in HBV infection are still unclear. The host immune response plays a critical role in determining the outcome of HBV infection. Human leucocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) is involved in immunotolerogenic process and infectious diseases. This study aimed to explore the implication of soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) and its isoforms in HBV infection. Total sHLA-G (including shedding HLA-G1 and HLA-G5) was analysed by ELISA in 95 chronic HBV patients, 83 spontaneously resolvers and 100 healthy controls (HC). To explore the presence of sHLA-G dimers, we performed an immunoprecipitation and a Western blot analysis on positive samples for sHLA-G in ELISA. The serum levels of sHLA-G were significantly increased in patients with chronic HBV patients compared to spontaneously resolvers and HC (P<.0001). Interestingly, we found an increased level of sHLA-G1 in chronic HBV patients than in spontaneously resolvers and HC (P<.001). In addition, the expression of HLA-G5 seems to be higher in the sera of chronic HBV patients than spontaneously resolvers (P=.026). The analysis of HLA-G dimers showed the presence of homodimers in 93% of chronic HBV patients, 67% in spontaneously resolvers and 60% in HC. These results provide evidence that sHLA-G may have a crucial role in the outcome of HBV infection and could be proposed as a biomarker for infection outcome. Based on its tolerogenic function, HLA-G might be considered as a new promising immunotherapeutic approach to treat the chronic infection with HBV.

Increased levels of soluble HLA-G molecules in Tunisian patients with chronic hepatitis B infection

BORTOLOTTI, Daria;DI LUCA, Dario;RIZZO, Roberta;
2017

Abstract

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a global health problem. The mechanisms of immune tolerance in HBV infection are still unclear. The host immune response plays a critical role in determining the outcome of HBV infection. Human leucocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) is involved in immunotolerogenic process and infectious diseases. This study aimed to explore the implication of soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) and its isoforms in HBV infection. Total sHLA-G (including shedding HLA-G1 and HLA-G5) was analysed by ELISA in 95 chronic HBV patients, 83 spontaneously resolvers and 100 healthy controls (HC). To explore the presence of sHLA-G dimers, we performed an immunoprecipitation and a Western blot analysis on positive samples for sHLA-G in ELISA. The serum levels of sHLA-G were significantly increased in patients with chronic HBV patients compared to spontaneously resolvers and HC (P<.0001). Interestingly, we found an increased level of sHLA-G1 in chronic HBV patients than in spontaneously resolvers and HC (P<.001). In addition, the expression of HLA-G5 seems to be higher in the sera of chronic HBV patients than spontaneously resolvers (P=.026). The analysis of HLA-G dimers showed the presence of homodimers in 93% of chronic HBV patients, 67% in spontaneously resolvers and 60% in HC. These results provide evidence that sHLA-G may have a crucial role in the outcome of HBV infection and could be proposed as a biomarker for infection outcome. Based on its tolerogenic function, HLA-G might be considered as a new promising immunotherapeutic approach to treat the chronic infection with HBV.
Laaribi, Ahmed Baligh; Bortolotti, Daria; Hannachi, Naila; Mehri, Asma; Hazgui, Olfa; Yahia, Hamza Ben; Babay, Wafa; Belhadj, Manel; Chaouech, Houda; Yacoub, Salwa; Letaief, Amel; Ouzari, Imene; Boudabous, Abdellatif; DI LUCA, Dario; Boukadida, Jalel; Rizzo, Roberta; Zidi, Ines
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/2368393
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