Objectives: Inherited chromosomally integrated human herpesvirus-6 (ciHHV-6) is characterised by the complete HHV-6 genome integration into the host germ line genome and is vertically transmitted with a Mendelian inheritance. By now, the only relationship between ciHHV-6 and diseases seems to be with angina pectoris. Methods: We report a case of an 82-year-old man diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) on October 2014. To substantiate the suspicion of ciHHV-6, we analysed peripheral blood mononuclear cells, bone marrow biopsy and pleural effusion-derived mesothelial cells with PCR, RT-PCR and FISH. Results: Virological routine screening by PCR showed the absence of HHV-8 and EBV infections, while the presence of HHV-6 DNA (ie, U22, U42 and U94 HHV-6 genes), with a viral load of about 1.0 genome per cell, strongly suggests ciHHV-6. The RT-PCR showed the positivity only for the immediate-early U94, at low levels of transcription (100±15 transcripts/1 μg RNA). FISH analysis reported a case of inherited ciHHV-6 in 17p chromosome region and, for the first time, in a marker chromosome. Conclusions: This is the first case of inherited ciHHV-6 in a marker chromosome, possibly elucidating the role of this abnormality in the biology of DLBCL.

Detection of inherited chromosomally integrated HHV-6 (ciHHV-6) in a marker chromosome

CAMPIONI, Diana;GENTILI, Valentina;CAVAZZINI, Francesco;BORTOLOTTI, Daria;CUNEO, Antonio;DI LUCA, Dario;RIZZO, Roberta
2017

Abstract

Objectives: Inherited chromosomally integrated human herpesvirus-6 (ciHHV-6) is characterised by the complete HHV-6 genome integration into the host germ line genome and is vertically transmitted with a Mendelian inheritance. By now, the only relationship between ciHHV-6 and diseases seems to be with angina pectoris. Methods: We report a case of an 82-year-old man diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) on October 2014. To substantiate the suspicion of ciHHV-6, we analysed peripheral blood mononuclear cells, bone marrow biopsy and pleural effusion-derived mesothelial cells with PCR, RT-PCR and FISH. Results: Virological routine screening by PCR showed the absence of HHV-8 and EBV infections, while the presence of HHV-6 DNA (ie, U22, U42 and U94 HHV-6 genes), with a viral load of about 1.0 genome per cell, strongly suggests ciHHV-6. The RT-PCR showed the positivity only for the immediate-early U94, at low levels of transcription (100±15 transcripts/1 μg RNA). FISH analysis reported a case of inherited ciHHV-6 in 17p chromosome region and, for the first time, in a marker chromosome. Conclusions: This is the first case of inherited ciHHV-6 in a marker chromosome, possibly elucidating the role of this abnormality in the biology of DLBCL.
Campioni, Diana; Gentili, Valentina; Cavazzini, Francesco; Bortolotti, Daria; Nacheva, Elisabeth P.; Cuneo, Antonio; DI LUCA, Dario; Rizzo, Roberta
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2368391
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact