A new general approach for the limit analysis of out-of-plane loaded masonry walls based on an upper bound formulation is presented. A given masonry wall of generic form presenting openings of arbitrary shape is described through its Non-Uniform Rational B-Spline (NURBS) representation in the three-dimensional Euclidean space. A lattice of nodes is defined in the parameters space together with possible fracture lines. An initial set of rigid elements initially subdividing the original wall geometry is identified accordingly. A homogenized upper bound limit analysis formulation, which takes into account the main characteristics of masonry material such as very low resistance in traction and anisotropic behavior is deduced. Moreover the effect of vertical loads and membrane stresses is considered, assuming internal dissipation allowed exclusively along element edges. A number of technically meaningful examples prove that a good estimate of the collapse load multiplier is obtained, provided that the initial net of yield lines is suitably adjusted by means of a meta-heuristic approach (i.e. a Genetic Algorithm, GA) in order to enforce that element edges accurately represent the actual failure mechanism.
Scheda prodotto non validato
Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo
|Titolo:||A fast and general upper-bound limit analysis approach for out-of-plane loaded masonry walls|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|