This study offers an innovative view of the petrogenetic processes responsible for the magmas erupted in the Western Antarctic Rift System (WARS) by studying the chemical composition and the volatiles content of basic lavas and olivine-hosted melt inclusions (MI). Lavas come from three localities: Shield Nunatak (Mt. Melbourne), Eldridge Bluff and Handler Ridge. They are olivine-phyric basanites (42.41-44.80 SiO2 wt%; 3.11-6.19 Na2O+K2O wt%) and basalts (44.91-48.73 SiO2 wt%; 2.81-4.55 Na2O+K2O wt%) with minor clinopyroxene and plagioclase. Samples from Handler Ridge clearly differ by having the highest TiO2 (3.55-3.65 wt%), Rb, Ba, Nb, La, Zr despite their more primitive features (60.83-44.87 Mg#, MgO/(MgO+FeO) %mol). Olivine-hosted melt inclusions (MI) were analyzed for major element and volatiles (H2O. CO2, S, F, and Cl) after HT (1300°C) and HP (6 kbar) homogenization. Despite a larger variability, MI are compositionally comparable to the host lavas and are characterized by two distinct trends (high-Fe-Ti-K and low-Fe-Ti-K). The H2O content in MI ranges from 0.70 wt% to 2.64 wt% and CO2 from 25 ppm to 341 ppm (H2O/CO2~ 1). At comparable H2O contents few samples show an higher CO2 values (1322 ppm to 3905 ppm) with a  H2O/CO2 down to 0.8. F and Cl content varies from 1386 ppm to 10 ppm and from 1336 ppm to 38 ppm respectively. Concentration of volatiles show a good correlation with alkalies, especially with K2O; Handler Ridge presents the highest total value of F and Cl (2675 ppm). Chondrite-normalized trace elements concentration in MI show a intraplate pattern with negative anomalies in Rb, K, Ti. Acconrdingly to the lava contents, MI from Handler Ridge have a significant higher concetration in Rb (12-45 ppm), Sr (700-834 ppm), Ba (433-554) and Nb (48.8-83.4 ppm) with respect to the other localities at comparable Mg#. Mantle melting  mass balance calculations simulate the observed H2O, CO2 and Cl concentration by melting a spinel lhezolite from 3 to 7 % of melting (F) with a 5% of modal amphibole with the same composition and modal proportion of mantle xenoliths from Baker Rocks, a locality near to Shield Nunatak. The model was not able to predict the F content which is less concentrated in natural sample. From the resulted partial melting percentage we calculated a total amount of CO2 in mantle source of 273 ppm by assuming the highest 3900 ppm measured in MI as starting value. The estimated maximum content of H2O and CO2 in the primary melt is 2.6 wt% and 8800 ppm respectively. Obtained data were compared with those from mantle xenoliths from NVL with the aim to reconstruct the composition of the mantle source of the Cenozoic magmatism and to model the whole volatile budget from mantle to magmas starting from the measured volatile content in hydrous (amph) and NAM phases in mantle xenoliths. Preliminary results evidence that high-Fe-Ti-K basanites found in MI are very similar to the calculated metasomatic agent involved in the formation of the very peculiar Fe-rich lherzolites.

THE ROLE OF VOLATILES IN THE GENESIS OF CENOZOIC MAGMATISM IN NORTHERN VICTORIA LAND (NVL), ANTARCTICA

GIACOMONI, Pier Paolo;COLTORTI, Massimo;BONADIMAN, Costanza;
2016

Abstract

This study offers an innovative view of the petrogenetic processes responsible for the magmas erupted in the Western Antarctic Rift System (WARS) by studying the chemical composition and the volatiles content of basic lavas and olivine-hosted melt inclusions (MI). Lavas come from three localities: Shield Nunatak (Mt. Melbourne), Eldridge Bluff and Handler Ridge. They are olivine-phyric basanites (42.41-44.80 SiO2 wt%; 3.11-6.19 Na2O+K2O wt%) and basalts (44.91-48.73 SiO2 wt%; 2.81-4.55 Na2O+K2O wt%) with minor clinopyroxene and plagioclase. Samples from Handler Ridge clearly differ by having the highest TiO2 (3.55-3.65 wt%), Rb, Ba, Nb, La, Zr despite their more primitive features (60.83-44.87 Mg#, MgO/(MgO+FeO) %mol). Olivine-hosted melt inclusions (MI) were analyzed for major element and volatiles (H2O. CO2, S, F, and Cl) after HT (1300°C) and HP (6 kbar) homogenization. Despite a larger variability, MI are compositionally comparable to the host lavas and are characterized by two distinct trends (high-Fe-Ti-K and low-Fe-Ti-K). The H2O content in MI ranges from 0.70 wt% to 2.64 wt% and CO2 from 25 ppm to 341 ppm (H2O/CO2~ 1). At comparable H2O contents few samples show an higher CO2 values (1322 ppm to 3905 ppm) with a  H2O/CO2 down to 0.8. F and Cl content varies from 1386 ppm to 10 ppm and from 1336 ppm to 38 ppm respectively. Concentration of volatiles show a good correlation with alkalies, especially with K2O; Handler Ridge presents the highest total value of F and Cl (2675 ppm). Chondrite-normalized trace elements concentration in MI show a intraplate pattern with negative anomalies in Rb, K, Ti. Acconrdingly to the lava contents, MI from Handler Ridge have a significant higher concetration in Rb (12-45 ppm), Sr (700-834 ppm), Ba (433-554) and Nb (48.8-83.4 ppm) with respect to the other localities at comparable Mg#. Mantle melting  mass balance calculations simulate the observed H2O, CO2 and Cl concentration by melting a spinel lhezolite from 3 to 7 % of melting (F) with a 5% of modal amphibole with the same composition and modal proportion of mantle xenoliths from Baker Rocks, a locality near to Shield Nunatak. The model was not able to predict the F content which is less concentrated in natural sample. From the resulted partial melting percentage we calculated a total amount of CO2 in mantle source of 273 ppm by assuming the highest 3900 ppm measured in MI as starting value. The estimated maximum content of H2O and CO2 in the primary melt is 2.6 wt% and 8800 ppm respectively. Obtained data were compared with those from mantle xenoliths from NVL with the aim to reconstruct the composition of the mantle source of the Cenozoic magmatism and to model the whole volatile budget from mantle to magmas starting from the measured volatile content in hydrous (amph) and NAM phases in mantle xenoliths. Preliminary results evidence that high-Fe-Ti-K basanites found in MI are very similar to the calculated metasomatic agent involved in the formation of the very peculiar Fe-rich lherzolites.
Mantle, primary magmas, volatiles, C-O-H, melting modeling, melt inclusion, Antarctica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/2360932
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