Objectives: To explore the outcome of fetal gastrointestinal (GI) cysts and to ascertain the detection rate of prenatal ultrasound in identifying these anomalies. Methods: Medline and Embase databases were searched. The outcomes explored were: resolution of the cyst, additional GI anomalies detected only at birth, clinical symptoms, need for surgery, post-surgical complications and diagnostic accuracy. Meta-analyses of proportions and hierarchical summary receiver operating characteristics (HSROC) model were used to analyse the data. Results: Ten studies were included; 27.0% (95% CI 2.6–64.4) of the cysts resolved either pre or post-natally. Additional GI anomalies were detected in 6.0% (95% CI 1.1–14.7). Clinical symptoms occurred in 31.1% (95% CI 14.9–50.2), while 50.6% (95% CI 10.0–90.8) had surgery. Post-surgical complications occurred in 6.1% (95% CI 0.2–19.6). Overall detection rate of prenatal ultrasound in correctly identifying GI cysts was good (sensitivity: 94.5%, 95% CI: 39.1–99.8; specificity: 97.7%, 95% CI 89.9–99.5). Conclusion: GI cysts are usually benign. Clinical symptoms occur in approximately one third of children. About one third of the cysts resolves, while the rate of complications after surgery is low. Prenatal ultrasound has an overall good diagnostic accuracy in identifying these anomalies. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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|Titolo:||Outcome of fetal gastro-intestinal cysts: a systematic review and meta-analysis|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|