The knowledge of re-sedimented rhodolith deposits has always lagged behind that of in situ deposits which can be formed in shallow and deeper water carbonate and mixed siliciclastic-carbonate depositional settings. A combination of detailed outcrop analyses from three published case studies reveals a series of palaeobiological and taphonomic signals that are used to identify fossil re-sedimented rhodoliths. The re-sedimented rhodolith deposits of the Middle Eocene carbonates in the Venetian area (northeast Italy), the Lower Miocene carbonates from southern Sardinia (Italy), and the Lower-Middle Miocene carbonates from Southern Apennines (southern Italy) are described in terms of rhodolith morphology, coralline algal assemblages, inner arrangement, outer growth-forms, and taphonomic signatures. In all the cases, shallow water rhodolith beds were redeposited to feed offshore deposits through a submarine channel systems. The sedimentological features, rhodolith characteristics and taphonomic signatures of the rhodolith deposits are compared from the carbonate factory, through the shelf-margin to the proximal and distal parts of the tributary belt. Within submarine channelized carbonate settings, complex relationship patterns of autochthonous/parautochthonous and allochthonous rhodolith deposits were governed by the interplay of changes in environmental factors such as water energy, light intensities, substrate characteristics, and residence time on the sediment-water interface.
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|Titolo:||Re-sedimented rhodoliths in channelized depositional systems|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||02.1 Contributo in volume (Capitolo, articolo)|