Repetitive laboratory testing has become a well-recognized problem in the practice of medicine, especially in the hospital inpatient setting, since it increases costs and causes patient discomfort. Among the interventions proposed to reduce unnecessary testing, Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSS) have been shown to be effective. We present the project of a CDSS recommending professionals in real time regarding the appropriateness for repeating laboratory exams, embedded in a Computerized Physician Order Entry at the Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria and Azienda Unità Sanitaria Locale of Ferrara, Italy. Appropriateness is encoded in test-specific formal rules which are applied against the laboratory results done in the past for a patient, and which eventually trigger an alert meaning that a test repetition is redundant. Both the previous result's validation date and quantitative value are considered during rule application. The rules-set implemented concerns: clinical chemistry, hematology, coagulation, infectious diseases serology, microbiology, inflammation, cardiac and tumor markers, hormones, autoimmunity, allergology, molecular biology and drug monitoring testing.
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|Titolo:||Reducing Laboratory Examinations by a Computer-Aided Clinical Decision Support System|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||04.2 Contributi in atti di convegno (in Volume)|