AIM: Skeletal muscle atrophy and dysfunction with associated weakness may involve the respiratory muscles of dialysis patients. We evaluated the effect of moderate-intensity exercise on lung function and respiratory muscle strength. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients (25 F, aged 65 ± 13 years) from two centers participating in the multicenter randomized clinical trial EXerCise Introduction To Enhance Performance in Dialysis (EXCITE) were studied. Subjects were randomized into a prescribed exercise group (E), wherein subjects performed two 10-min walking sessions every second day at an intensity below the self-selected speed, or a control group (C) with usual care. Physical performance was assessed by the 6-min walk test (6MWT). Patient lung function and respiratory muscle strength were evaluated by spirometry and maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), respectively. RESULTS: Forty-two patients (14 F) completed the study. At baseline, the groups did not differ in any parameters. In total, 7 patients (4 in E; 3 in C) showed an obstructive pattern. The pulmonary function parameters were significantly correlated with 6MWT but not with any biochemical measurements. Group E safely performed the exercise program. At follow-up, the spirometry parameters did not change in either group. A deterioration of MIP (-7 %; p = 0.008) was observed in group C, but not in group E (+3.3 %, p = ns). In E, an increase of 6MWT was also found (+12 vs. 0 % in C; p = 0.038). CONCLUSION: In dialysis patients, a minimal dose of structured exercise improved physical capacity and maintained a stable respiratory muscle function, in contrast to the control group where it worsened.
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|Titolo:||Respiratory muscle impairment in dialysis patients: can minimal dose of exercise limit the damage? A Preliminary study in a sample of patients enrolled in the EXCITE trial.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|