Focal adhesions are sites for integrin-mediated attachment of cultured cells to the extracellular matrix. Localization studies have shown that focal adhesions can be stained by antiphosphotyrosine antibodies, but the role of tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins in focal adhesions is not known. By using ventral plasma membranes prepared from chicken embryo fibroblasts spread on the substrate, we present evidence for the preferential localization of a minor pool of tyrosine-phosphorylated paxillin in focal adhesions. Ventral plasma membranes showed an enrichment in β1-integrins, and in several tyrosine-phosphorylated polypeptides, while focal adhesion proteins like vinculin and paxillin, although localized to focal adhesions in ventral plasma membranes, were not particularly enriched in these preparations compared to whole cell lysates. Biochemical and morphological analysis of ventral plasma membranes showed a dramatic increase in the level of tyrosine-phosphorylation of the pool of paxillin localized to the adhesive sites, when compared to the paxillin present in whole cell lysates. The observed preferential localization of tyrosine-phosphorylated paxillin to focal adhesions may represent a general mechanism to compartmentalize focal adhesion components from large non-phosphorylated, cytosolic pools.

Preferential localization of tyrosine-phosphorylated paxillin in focal adhesions

CAIRO, Stefano Enrico;
1997

Abstract

Focal adhesions are sites for integrin-mediated attachment of cultured cells to the extracellular matrix. Localization studies have shown that focal adhesions can be stained by antiphosphotyrosine antibodies, but the role of tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins in focal adhesions is not known. By using ventral plasma membranes prepared from chicken embryo fibroblasts spread on the substrate, we present evidence for the preferential localization of a minor pool of tyrosine-phosphorylated paxillin in focal adhesions. Ventral plasma membranes showed an enrichment in β1-integrins, and in several tyrosine-phosphorylated polypeptides, while focal adhesion proteins like vinculin and paxillin, although localized to focal adhesions in ventral plasma membranes, were not particularly enriched in these preparations compared to whole cell lysates. Biochemical and morphological analysis of ventral plasma membranes showed a dramatic increase in the level of tyrosine-phosphorylation of the pool of paxillin localized to the adhesive sites, when compared to the paxillin present in whole cell lysates. The observed preferential localization of tyrosine-phosphorylated paxillin to focal adhesions may represent a general mechanism to compartmentalize focal adhesion components from large non-phosphorylated, cytosolic pools.
Cattelino, Anna; Cairo, Stefano Enrico; Malanchini, Stefano and; Curtis, Barbara; Ivan de, Curtis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2353056
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