The immunosuppressive properties of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) make them particularly attractive to manipulate graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). So far, the experience of using MSC to treat GVHD is limited to a few cases, controversial results come from preclinical models and several issues remain to be clarified. The present studies were designed to address these questions in a xenogenic model testing the ability of umbilical cord blood-derived MSC (UCB-MSC) to prevent and/or treat GVHD. Sublethally irradiatiated non-obese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficiency NOD/SCID mice transplanted with human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (huPBMC) showed extensive human T-cell proliferation in the peripheral blood, lymphoid and non-lymphoid tissues, which evolved in extensive GVHD (wasting, ruffled hair and hunched back). The mice treated with a single dose of UCB-MSC did not behave differently form the controls. However, when UCB-MSC were given at weekly intervals, there was a marked decrease in human T-cell proliferation and none of the mice developed GVHD. No therapeutic effect was obtained if UCB-MSC were administered at onset of GVHD. This work supports the clinical use of MSC in stem cell transplantation as a prophylaxis rather than treatment of GVHD.
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|Titolo:||Mesenchymal stem cells of cord blood origin are effective at preventing but not treating graft-versus-host disease|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|