The evaluation of the undrained cyclic resistance of sandy deposits is required to forecast the soil behaviour during an earthquake (liquefaction, cyclic mobility); due to the difficulties in obtaining undisturbed samples of most liquefiable soils, it is usually deduced from field test results such as cone penetration tests. This paper proposes a methodology to evaluate the undrained cyclic resistance from normalised cone resistance of two wellstudied silica sands (Ticino and Toyoura), with different mineralogy, one mainly composed of feldspar, the other of quartz. The etermination of the cyclic resistance of Ticino and Toyoura sands was achieved through undrained cyclic triaxial tests on reconstituted specimens. The tip resistance was deduced from CPTs performed in centrifuge with a miniaturised piezocone on homogeneous reconstituted models. Both the undrained cyclic and tip resistances were correlated with the state parameter w. Results of centrifuge and triaxial tests were combined through w to deduce the cyclic resistance ratio CRR directly from the normalised cone resistance. The shape of the curve relating CRR to the normalised cone resistance resulted unusual respect to all the recognised curves widespread in the geotechnical literature. The aim of the proposed correlations is to provide a useful instrument to improve the actual knowledge on liquefaction and to give a contribution based on the critical state soil mechanics framework to the development of refined correlations between the cyclic resistance of a sand and the results of cone penetration tests.
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|Titolo:||Unidirectional cyclic resistance of Ticino and Toyoura sands from centrifuge cone penetration tests|
|Autori interni:||FIORAVANTE, Vincenzo|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
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