Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNPs), 100 nm in size, incorporating a Cy5 fluorophore within the silica framework, are synthesized and loaded with the anti-cancer drug temozolomide (TMZ), used in the treatment of gliomas. The surface of the particles is then decorated, using electrostatic interactions, with a polyarginine-peptide nucleic acid (R8-PNA) conjugate targeting the miR221 microRNA. The multi-functional nanosystem thus obtained is rapidly internalized into glioma C6 or T98G cells. The anti-miR activity of the PNA is retained, as confirmed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) measurements and induction of apoptosis is observed in temozolomide-resistant cell lines. The TMZ-loaded MSNPs show an enhanced pro-apoptotic effect, and the combined effect of TMZ and R8-PNA in the MSNPs shows the most effective induction of apoptosis (70.9% of apoptotic cells) thus far achieved in the temozolomide-resistant T98G cell line.
|Titolo:||Combined Delivery of Temozolomide and Anti-miR221 PNA Using Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles Induces Apoptosis in Resistant Glioma Cells|
GAMBARI, Roberto (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|